Saudi Arabia is one of the few countries on the planet without a river. The majority of the Arabian desert is found in Saudi Arabia, although it also extends to neighboring nations such as Jordan, Iraq, and Qatar. It is also the only country in the world that borders both the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea.
You might be wondering where the water comes from in the soil. Although Saudi Arabia lacks rivers, it does contain wadis. Wadi is a dry riverbed with water only when it rains. Saudi Arabia gets its water from two sources: groundwater and desalination facilities, which remove the salt from saltwater.
Because there are no rivers or lakes in the kingdom, and there is nearly little rain, groundwater makes up 98 percent of the water supplies. Desalination provides over half of all drinking water, with surface water accounting for 10% and non-renewable groundwater extraction accounting for 40%.
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