Opera News

Opera News App

Meet the Weakest Zulu King Who Managed to Rule Longer Than Other Zulu Kings (Opinion)

BhejangethunaDigitalHustlers
By BhejangethunaDigitalHustlers | self meida writer
Published 29 days ago - 6998 views

“It is better to remain silent and be thought a fool than to open one’s mouth and remove all doubt.” By Abraham Lincoln. King Mpande survived being killed because of his behavior of not posing as a treat to other children of his father who were to be potential future kings of Zulu Kingdom.

Mpande was born in 1798 and died in 1872. He ruled the Zulu Kingdom from 1840 to 1872. He became the longest ruling Zulu King. He was a half-brother of Shaka Zulu, Sigujana Zulu and Dingane Zulu whom he followed as a Zulu King. In 1840, he overthrew his half-brother Dingane before taking over as the King. Unfortunately, his lengthy reign became a burden as he became a King by the name only because of his son Cetshwayo. In 1856, Cetshwayo became a self-proclaimed King while his father was alive. King Mpande confessed that he wanted to live peaceful life and that they forced him to become a King. Now, let’s trace his childhood upbringing.

King Mpande was born in Babanango, in Northern KwaZulu-Natal. His father was Senzangakhona KaJama and his 9th wife Songiya KaNgotsha Hlabisa. Mpande was considered as the weakest of them all when compared to other Senzangakhona’s children. After the assassination of Shaka Zulu, Dingane started to kill other half-brothers who could have disturbed him from taking over the duties of a King in 1828. During that killing spree, Mpande was spared because Dingane saw that he was not a threat to him. Plus Mpande showed no interest in being a King or in Zulu power politics.

Mpande gained recognition after his half-brother Dingane suffered a fatal defeat at the Battle of Blood River on 16 December 1838. After his defeat there was unrest in his Kingdom, so Dingane sought to assassinate potential successors like Mpande again. In September 1839, Mpande refused to support his brother in a war against the Kingdom of Eswatini. He realized that Dingane might plot to kill him if he can join him, instead he took thousands of Zulu warriors into the Boer Republic of Natalia. After that, Mpande organized his armies to go and fight with Dingane’s army at the battle of Maqongo, where Dingane suffered another terrible defeat in January 1840. His army was led by General Nongalaza. After defeating Dingane, Mpande arrived with Pretorious’s forces to be ordained him as a King.

Dingane’s defeat stressed him the way that he executed his general Ndlela KaSompisi, thereafter he escaped but they found him in Hlathikhulu Forest (Eswatini) and he was killed there. So Mpande became a King unopposed. But later Mpande claimed that he became a King against his wishes, actual he claimed that he was forced to be a King. Boers took most of the land of Zulus in return for helping him to defeat Dingane.

Mpande suspected that his brother Gqugqu was planning to ambush him, so he ordered the killing of his brother and his brother’s wives and children. His action led to many people to flee his Kingdom and seek refuge under Boers in Natal. In the early 1850s, he employed a policy of expanding his kingdom. He was eyeing to defeat most of his neighbors. The policy of expansion led to the invasion of Eswatini Kingdom in 1852. By agreement, the Swati’s were subjects of Zulus, but they maintained partially independence under Mswati 2. Historian, Philip Bonner said Mpande wanted to take full control of Eswatini as he feared the Boers power. Indeed the invasion became a success for him, as Swazi people gave in to him. During the process of invasion, Mpande’s son Cetshwayo showed some true leadership characteristics. Unfortunately British forced him to withdrew, and he did that quickly without any hustle from British side.

Cetshwayo leadership skills came into conflict with Mpande’s favorite son Mbuyazi. Cetshwayo was a heir by birth, but he was not officially a successor as his mother had not been declared the King’s great wife. So the succession marathon was lying on the hands of Mpande to choose the great wife, thereafter any of the sons would automatically became the King after his death. Cetshwayo saw that his father loved Mbuyazi more than him and both sides started to develop group of followers. On realizing that, Mpande gave some part of his kingdom to Mbuyazi and his followers, where they have to live. Mbuyazi moved fast and obtain some support of European settlers who were led by John Dunn.

Cetshwayo’s support came from sub-chiefs of his father’s Kingdom. So he thought that this matter needs to be resolved through war. He then, forcefully attacked Mbuyazi’s territory at the Battle of Ndondakusa and killed all surviving five brothers. John Dunn ran away and later became Cetshwayo’s adviser. After crushing Mbuyazi, Cetshwayo became the self-proclaimed ruler while his father continued to preside over ceremonial functions. During his rule, Cetshwayo kept a strong eye on his father’s new wives and children who posed as a threat to his rule. He spotted Nomatshali and her children as a possible treats because they were favored by his father. He ordered the killing of them in 1861; Nomatshali and her daughters were chopped. Two sons managed to escaped but the youngest got killed in front of his father Mpande. King Mpande later became fat so he was unable to walk which led to his death. His exact date of death was not revealed in order to secure a smooth handover of power to Cetshwayo.

Please share, comment and like it. God bless you!

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mpande_kaSenzangakhona

Content created and supplied by: BhejangethunaDigitalHustlers (via Opera News )

Opera News is a free to use platform and the views and opinions expressed herein are solely those of the author and do not represent, reflect or express the views of Opera News. Any/all written content and images displayed are provided by the blogger/author, appear herein as submitted by the blogger/author and are unedited by Opera News. Opera News does not consent to nor does it condone the posting of any content that violates the rights (including the copyrights) of any third party, nor content that may malign, inter alia, any religion, ethnic group, organization, gender, company, or individual. Opera News furthermore does not condone the use of our platform for the purposes encouraging/endorsing hate speech, violation of human rights and/or utterances of a defamatory nature. If the content contained herein violates any of your rights, including those of copyright, and/or violates any the above mentioned factors, you are requested to immediately notify us using via the following email address operanews-external(at)opera.com and/or report the article using the available reporting functionality built into our Platform

YOU MAY LIKE

EMBARRASSMENT! R118M Paid For Non-existent Land

2 minutes ago

0 🔥

EMBARRASSMENT! R118M Paid For Non-existent Land

Bad news for the citizens

6 minutes ago

0 🔥

Bad news for the citizens

Man who's behind the one time viral video of an angel in Joshua's church confessed what he truly saw

12 minutes ago

14 🔥

Man who's behind the one time viral video of an angel in Joshua's church confessed what he truly saw

8 Craziest Examples of Method Acting

13 minutes ago

0 🔥

8 Craziest Examples of Method Acting

"She must be jailed" See how lady punched & roughly drag girl on the ground until she nearly fainted

16 minutes ago

27 🔥

"99.9 % will fail to figure out what is really happening in this image".

16 minutes ago

5 🔥

Opinion: Maybe Zuma is right about the State Capture

23 minutes ago

19 🔥

Opinion: Maybe Zuma is right about the State Capture

A beautiful lady stabbed 7 times till she dies. See what Ramaphosa said about this

32 minutes ago

28 🔥

A beautiful lady stabbed 7 times till she dies. See what Ramaphosa said about this

Transfer Talk: Is Fallen Manyisa Heading To Chiefs?

43 minutes ago

263 🔥

Transfer Talk: Is Fallen Manyisa Heading To Chiefs?

Which team do you think will win? Chelsea or Liverpool

45 minutes ago

8 🔥

Which team do you think will win? Chelsea or Liverpool

COMMENTS

View all comments