In recent years, overcrowding has been one of the most serious issues plaguing Nigerian prisons. Poor nourishment, decaying infrastructure, and an unhygienic environment have all had an influence on the convicts' health. This has been a major source of concern, stemming from a larger overcrowding problem. The study looked into the issue of overcrowding in the Nigerian Criminal Justice system as a policy implementation default rather than a deficiency.
Prison conditions in Nigeria should be improved, according to Mrs. Catherine Dupe Atoki, Chairperson of the African Commission on Human and People's Rights, since inmates have the right to live in a pleasant environment, not a pigsty, and they should not be subjected to inhumane conditions.
“Prisoners' rights should be safeguarded and upheld.” “Prison officials must be held accountable for how they treat people entrusted to their care, and they must be cognizant of regional and international institutions that defend inmates' rights as state agents,” she said.
South African jails are consistently overcrowded, according to Nooshin Erfani-Ghadimi, project coordinator for the Johannesburg-based Wits Justice Project, putting a strain on hygiene, ventilation, and medical services.
Overcrowding, violence, sexual assault, and other problems endanger the health and safety of inmates. Mistreatment of prisoners based on race, gender identity, or handicap remains all too often.
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