Habesha peoples is an ethnic (or pan-ethnic) identity for Semitic-speaking peoples mostly found in Ethiopia's and Eritrea's highlands. The term was originally used to identify primarily Christian organizations, and it is still used in this fashion today. The term is used in a variety of contexts, with varying levels of exclusion and inclusion: It usually refers to all Christians who speak a highland Semitic language, but it is also used in a broader sense to include Muslim tribes as well.
At one extreme, the term is currently sometimes used to refer just to Tigrinya speakers, while others in diasporic communities have recently adopted it to apply to all people of Eritrean or Ethiopian heritage.
Camels, donkeys, and sheep were raised by the Habesha, who established an agricultural lifestyle that is still observed today. They plow with oxen. The Orthodox Church is steeped in tradition. The church buildings are built on a hill. Major festivals are held around the church throughout the year, with visitors coming from all over to sing, play games, and attend the church's unique liturgy. A parade will take place on the church grounds and in the neighboring regions.
Coffee is an important ceremonial drink. The "coffee ceremony" is well-known among Ethiopians and Eritreans alike. On the spot, the beans are roasted, ground, and brewed, then served thick and creamy in tiny porcelain cups with no handles. It is, however, usually drank slowly while speaking. The beans are carried around the table after they have been roasted to a golden brown, where the smoke blesses the guests. The traditional dish offered at these events is injera, a spongy flat bread eaten with wat, a spicy beef sauce.
Houses in rural areas are largely composed of rock and soil, as these are the most readily available resources, with timber poles providing structure. The residences have been intended to blend in with the surrounding landscape. The house is usually more than a kilometer away from the nearest water source. Furthermore, people must look for fuel for their fires in the surrounding area.
The Habesha people employ drums and stringed instruments tuned to a pentatonic scale in their music and dance. Typically, artists perform arts and crafts, as well as secular music, and they are distrusted. Only monastically educated males can perform sacred music and paint icons.
The habesha kemis is the traditional garment of Habesha women.
To formal meetings, Ethiopian and Eritrean women often wear ankle-length dresses. It's often made of chiffon and is available in white, grey, or beige. Many women often wrap their formal gown in a netela blanket.
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