The Jewish people are credited with inventing the Sabbath. It derives from the Hebrew word'shavat,' which literally translates as "to rest." Every year on the seventh day of the week, which is Saturday, people commemorate the holiday.
Historically, the Sabbath celebrates the original seventh day on which God rested after finishing the creation, according to biblical tradition. It is also marked as a day to commemorate God's rescue of the Israelites from slavery in Egypt in the book of Exodus.
God's mandate on the Sabbath is found in Exodus chapter 5 verse 11, when he gives his blessing. His instructions were as follows: "Observe the sabbath day to keep it holy, as the LORD your God instructed thee."
In accordance with this commandment, Jesus observed the Sabbath on the seventh day. According to LUKE 4:16, it was the tradition of Jesus to keep the Sabbath day off from work. In Nazareth, where he had grown up, he went to the synagogue on a Sabbath day, as was his tradition, and stood up to read the scriptures.
Similarly, following Jesus' death, the Disciples maintained their observance of the Sabbath. In the book of Acts, there are numerous references to how the early Christian church gathered on Saturdays and Sundays to pray and study the Scriptures. According to Acts 17:2, "As was Paul's routine, he went to the synagogue service, and for three Sabbaths in a row, he utilized Scripture to reason with the people."
On Sundays, Christians attend church.
According to Wikipedia, early Christians, who were primarily Jewish at the time, kept the seventh-day Sabbath by praying and resting on that day. However, when Christianity spread over Europe following the deaths of the original apostles, new beliefs began to be adopted into the religious system.
While writing and teaching during the second century, Roman Catholic Church fathers such as Ignatius, Justin Martyr, Irenaeus, and Clement of Alexandria criticized the practice of keeping the Sabbath.
Early Christian writer and Patriarch of Antioch Ignatius of Antioch, who lived in the first century AD, endorsed Christians' non-observance of the Sabbath in the beginning of the second century.
The Council of Nicaea played an important role.
The Roman Emperor Constantine, acting via the Catholic Church, established Sunday as a day of rest at the Council of Nicaea in 325 A.D. as a day of rest. On October 1, 325, the Roman Emperor Constantine I summoned a council of Christian bishops to Nicaea, in the Bithynian province of Bithynia, to discuss the future of Christianity.
The Roman Catholic Church is a religious institution in the United States.
This was followed by the Council of Laodicea, which convened about the year 365. During this meeting, the Council declared it unlawful to be absent from one's place of employment on the seventh-day Sabbath. Over time, the majority of Christians began to embrace this as a legitimate practice.
The Roman Empire considered Sunday to be just another working day until March 7, 321 when Roman Emperor Constantine I issued a civil edict declaring Sunday to be a day of rest from labor following his conversion to Christianity and membership in the Roman Catholic Church.
The Catholic Encyclopedia's section on the Ten Commandments, which confirms the role of the Catholic Church in the shift from the Jewish Sabbath to Sunday, states, "The Church, on the other hand, after shifting the day of rest from the Jewish Sabbath, or seventh day of the week, to the first, made the Third Commandment to refer to Sunday as the day to be kept holy as the Lord's Day."
Pope Francis is a Roman Catholic priest who was born in a convent in the city of Rome.
Furthermore, numerous Catholic scholars have said unequivocally that Sunday services and worship are the creation of the authority of the Roman Catholic religion.
A very famous philosopher, Thomas Aquinas, stated that "under the New Law, the observation of the Lord's day replaced the keeping of the Sabbath, not by virtue of the precept, but by virtue of the institution of the Church and habit of Christian people."
According to the instances provided above, the Sabbath was not changed from Saturday to Sunday by Jesus Christ or the apostles, but rather by the Roman Catholic Church fathers who claimed they had the right to alter biblical truths.
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