When Islam originally arrived in Africa, it was in Egypt, during the first century AD. Islam's conquests of huge areas of the region, on the other hand, have slowed the growth of Christianity throughout North America and Europe.
Christian minorities today constitute a majority of the population in Central African, Southeast African, and Southern African countries.
Many Christian communities exist in West African countries as well, and Coptic Christians constitute a large minority in Egypt.
Christianity was introduced into most of these countries during colonialism by European colonial powers, and it spread throughout the world through the efforts of Christian missionaries working in these areas.
90% or more of the national population lives in the nations listed below, where Christianity is the predominant religion.
Tomé and Principe
This is a small island republic located in the Gulf of Guinea, off the coast of Central Africa. Following their discovery by Portuguese sailors in the 15th century, the islands were only recently colonized.
A important location for the African slave trade, the island nation served as a transit point for slaves. A legacy of Portuguese colonialism, Roman Catholicism is the major religion in the country. It is estimated that Christians constitute 97.0 percent of the population in Sao Tome and Principe, with Roman Catholics accounting for 55.7 percent of the country's total.
In terms of population size, the Democratic Republic of The Congo is the second most populous nation in Africa (DRC)
Christians constitute the vast majority of people in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), according to official figures. The majority of the country's population (95.8 percent) follows the faith.
The Catholic population in the United States is roughly 35 million. It is the Catholic Church that educates the vast majority of children in the country. Hundreds of hospitals, supermarkets, farms, and other facilities are under the supervision of the church network in general.
The Church of Christ in Congo, commonly known as the Protestant Church, has around 25 million members in the country, making it one of the world's largest Protestant organizations.
Christian populations constitute 95 percent of the country's population, making Angola a Christian-majority society.
More than half of the country's Christians are Catholic, with around a quarter belonging to Protestant denominations such as Methodists, Congregationalists, Baptists, and other similar groups..
The work of Christian missionaries in Angola has contributed to the spread of Christianity throughout the country, as shown in the graph below. Christian organizations have also been involved in social work in Angola, such as providing free medical care and education to the underprivileged, among other things.
Rwanda has a Christian population of 93.6 percent, with Roman Catholicism serving as the country's major Christian denomination (see chart below).
A shift in ideas and a large number of conversions to Protestantism were brought about by the genocide in Rwanda. A total of 43.7 percent of the Rwandan population is Roman Catholic, according to current estimates.
Approximately 37.7 percent of the population adheres to a Protestant religion, with 11.8 percent adhering to a Seventh-day Adventist faith.
For many indigenous Rwandans, the god Imana, who represents the Rwandan version of the Christian God, is synonymous with the Christian God. Christianity is regularly combined with traditional beliefs in Rwanda.
Christian belief is practiced by 93.1 percent of the inhabitants of the island nation of Seychelles; the majority are Roman Catholics, with 76.2 percent being Roman Catholic and 10.6 percent being Protestant.
Other religions comprise only 1.1 percent of the country's population, with the remaining 9 percent identifying as neither religious nor unaffiliated with any religion.
As the predominant religion in the country, Christianity is represented by a population that comprises 93 percent of Christians.
This community is overwhelmingly Roman Catholic, with only around 5% of the population being Protestant. A total of 2 percent of the population adheres to Islam, with the remaining 5 percent belonging to a variety of religious traditions such as the Bahá' Faith, Animism, and other similar practices.
Christians constitute 90 percent of the population in Lesotho, a landlocked country surrounded on all sides by the Republic of South Africa.
In the United States, Protestants make up 45 percent of the population, with Evangelicals accounting for 26 percent of the national population.
Approximately 19 percent of the population is comprised of Anglicans and other Protestant sects. Roman Catholicism accounts for 45 percent of all Christians.
Those who practice other religions or are not religious make up the remaining 10% of Lesotho's population.
Approximately 90 percent of Namibia's national population is Christian. Most of the country's Christian population is Protestant, with Protestantism accounting for 75% of the country's total Christian population (see chart below).
In Namibia, over half of the country's Protestant population is Lutheran, thanks to the efforts of Finnish and German missionaries who worked there.
There are a variety of Christian denominations represented among the remaining Christian population in the United States, including Roman Catholics, Anglicans, Mormons and others. There are several indigenous religions practiced by Namibia's surviving population, which is a diverse mix.
Swaziland has a large Christian population, and Christianity is the most widely practiced religion there. More over 40% of the population is affiliated with Protestant and indigenous African churches, according to official statistics. It is estimated that Roman Catholics constitute approximately 20% of the total population.
Faiths practiced by a tiny proportion of the Swaziland population include Islam, the Bahá' Faith, and Hinduism, while traditional religions are practiced by a considerable minority of the population.
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