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4 African countries that are no longer in existence

Most people are aware that several African countries no longer exist, at least in their historical sense. A country's name may be changed for a variety of reasons, but the most common is after it has achieved independence from a colonizer.

Without further ado, let's take a look at a few examples of countries that have changed their names over the years. Please view the attached images:


The Katanga region of the Congo declared its independence from the rest of the country in 1960. The nation, which called itself the Republic of Katanga, was governed by Moise Tshombe, the head of the Confédération des associations tribales du Katanga (CONAKAT) political organization.

The United Nations put an end to Katanga in 1963, driving Tshombe into exile in Zambia (then Northern Rhodesia) and eventually Italy.


West Africa was home to a nation called Biafra from 1967 until 1970. Due to political and economic disagreements, the unrecognized state seceded from Nigeria. Within six months of the newly independent state's existence, the tide had turned in favor of Nigeria, which began limiting access to and from the region. At least a million people, many of them civilians, perished from malnutrition during the Biafra-Nigeria conflict.

The states of Anambra, Imo, Cross River, and Rivers were reintegrated as part of Biafra after its reintegration into Nigeria.


Once upon a time, the city that serves as Libya's capital today was the center of a republic with its own name: Tripolitania. It broke away from Libya in 1918, back when Libya was an Italian colony. After the end of World War I, the region, which had previously been ruled by the Ottoman Empire, declared its independence.

Tripolitania signed a proclamation of independence at the 1919 Paris Peace Conference.

Transvaal Republic

During its independence from 1852 until 1902, South Africa was known as the Transvaal Republic. It was successful in its initial conflict with the British during the Boer War but suffered defeat in the second conflict, at which point it became known as the Transvaal colony.

The Maritz Rebellion was an uprising that occurred in 1915 and was put down by the British.


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African Congo Katanga Moise Tshombe Republic of Katanga


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