Where exactly did they cross the Limpopo? At which point did the "Sotho" of the inland plateau branch off from the "Nguni" of the distal belt? Such problems fascinated the older generation of Historians. G M Theal and G W Stow believed that SOUTHERN AFRICA was peopled by successive waves of immigrants coming down from East Africa. Later writers such as A T Bryant, thought that the earlier migrations of peoples could be deducted by plotting their geographic locations at a later date .
Such retrospective reconsiderations are no longer acceptable. It is misleading to associat a particular aspect of culture with a particular ethnic group because all people are constantly lending and borrowing ideas , in situations and Linguistic traits. More over , the older generation of Historians was mistaken in assuming the rapid migrations of distinct ethnic groups , instead of the slow spread of segmenting lineages incorporating and acculturating other lineages .
A cultural map of southern Africa States that Sotho-Tswana domination of the plateau was in fact preceded by prior Nguni occupation , of which the Transvaal Ndebele were an important remnant . The Sotho -Tswana chiefdoms of the inland plateau were the product of a complex interaction between intrusive segmenting lineages and resident local groups .
The ruling of Sotho-Tswana lineages originate from "GREATER MAGALIESBERG"
area, which was home to Fokeng Hurutshe kgatla kwena and Rolong clans, who slowly dispersed across the plateau . The fokeng are regarded by most oral historians as the most senior of the Sotho speaking Peoples .
They reached their zenith in the early 1730 century under SEKETE IV , against whom other Sotho chief's conspired . After his death , the Fokeng scattered over the region , and we're succeeded by the Hurutshe, reputedly the ancestral stock of at least 5 other important chiefly lineages, 2 which were Kwena and Kgatla clans .
The kgatla subdivided into the Tlokwa, Pedi, and Taung some descendants of the kwena went to north to found the Gwaketse and Gwanto chiefdoms in Botswana and other's headed SOUTH and subdivided at Ntsuanatsatsi hill (between the present Frankfort and Vrede in OFS ) around 1500 to produce a number of lineages , including that of Moshoeshoe. The 3rd major cluster, the Rolong settled along the Harts River and subordinates , the Tlhaping around Kuruman other Sotho groups include the Phalaborwa,Narene,Thabina,Kxaxa,Birwa and Roka .
NAPO being the progenitor of the Southern Sotho
I read Sekete was killed under a Tree by Batlokwa, but not much is known what happened to the Bafokeng of the Magaliesburg or rather Bafokeng of the Gauteng region.
I have a feeling those Bafokeng were absorbed into Bakwena.
In early literatures, you find places like Heidelberg were populated by Bafokeng of Khudu(this is supported by Bakwena ba Mare a Phogole).
But all this various Bafokeng groups that populated the Gauteng region and the upper highveld are gone.
By the early 19th century, the Magaliesburg and or greater Gauteng region were already populated by various Bakgatla and Bakwena clans.
With the Bafokeng largely being gone.
Even Maphuthing found Bafokeng of Keketsi in the Heidelberg region.
With all this sources confirming the presence of Bafokeng in the Gauteng region.
One may ask, what happened to them for the land to be dominated by Bakgatla and Bakwena.
Because most Bafokeng currently are in the Free State and Lesotho.
And those represent the southern Bafokeng branch, the Northern Bafokeng branches are all but gone.
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