The Black Lives Matter and Black People's Rights groups have been slowly gaining in prominence in the United States over the last several decades. After George Floyd, a black man, was slain by Derek Chauvin, a white police officer of the Minneapolis Police Department, the year 2020 will represent a watershed moment in the march toward achieving equality for black and white people. This sparked widespread outrage, with many calling for Derek Chauvin to be held accountable for his crimes. Despite the fact that social change demands and demonstrations are not new, many Americans have benefited from tremendous leadership on the part of prior presidents.
Today, we'll take a look at four American presidents that have made important contributions to the progress of black rights throughout the country's history.
Many people believe that President Lincoln was a civil rights activist throughout his time in office. Prior to the Civil War, Abraham Lincoln was a staunch opponent of African Americans' civil and political rights. Despite the fact that Lincoln felt slavery was morally wrong, he was not an abolitionist in the traditional sense. He did not think that whites and blacks had equal political and social rights, and he accused his opponent of pushing "negro equality" in a political argument in 1858. It was for military reasons that Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation in 1862, believing that liberating the slaves would hurt rather than reinforce his country's position in the war against slavery.
This was a watershed moment in the American Civil War, as well as a pivotal document in the campaign to abolish slavery.
FDR (Franklin Delano Roosevelt)
Franklin and his wife, Eleanor Roosevelt, were staunch supporters of racial justice and equal rights for all people. A considerable number of African Americans had relocated to the northern states during his presidency, providing a substantial constituency for him.
According to Executive Order 8802, which established the Fair Employment Practices Committee (FEPC), the federal government may not recruit persons "on the basis of their race, color, creed, or national origin," which was issued in 1941 by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. This aided millions of African Americans in their pursuit of better-paying positions.
John F. Kennedy (JFK)
Kennedy served as President during the Civil Rights Movement and was a staunch supporter of equal rights for all citizens. He appointed Black to his administration, as well as Thurgood Marshall to the Second Circuit Court of Appeals for the State of New York. The President of the United States held a broadcast speech on June 11, 1963, in which he unveiled his proposals for new civil rights legislation. He outlined how it would include equal access to voting and public amenities, as well as support for school desegregation, as well as other provisions. His intentions were foiled, however, when he was slain before they could be carried out.
Lyndon B. Johnson
Following the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, Johnson was sworn in as President of the United States. The 1964 Civil Rights Act, which he stated would "respect President Kennedy's legacy," was one of his first acts as a public champion. During his administration, the 1965 Voting Rights Act was also approved; together, these two pieces of legislation eliminated Jim Crow and converted the United States into a real democracy. Johnson also overturned his anti-immigrant measures, which had been racist.
Barack Obama's election represented a major win for African-Americans and a watershed event in the history of the United States. During his two terms in office, he signed measures that benefited all Americans, particularly African Americans, and the environment. These include cutting fees from Small Business Administration loans, making universities more affordable and accessible, and removing barriers to employment, among other measures. Obamacare also has the additional benefit of lowering the number of uninsured Americans. The Obama administration's "Obama's My Brother's Keeper" campaign was created with the purpose of improving the lives of young black males in the United States.
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