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5 Reasons Why Some Pregnant Women Give Birth To Disabled Babies

Over 500,000 women every year, mostly in less developed nations, pass away from pregnancy- and childbirth-related causes. However, the deaths are just the beginning: At least 30 more women experience life-altering illnesses or injuries for every fatality. These ladies are fortunate to have survived, but their wounds might have life-changing social and physical repercussions.

Due to the fact that they are frequently concealed from view, maternal impairments have gotten relatively little attention. Few medical records are accessible for examination since many women in developing nations do not receive any medical care prior to, during, or after childbirth. The prevalence of pregnancy-related problems has been extensively studied, but few large-scale research have included medical verification of women's postpartum symptoms. A large portion of the information is based on women's self-reported symptoms from surveys, which specialists deem vague and lacking in clinical validity. However, case studies in a number of nations show that there is a significant issue that is not being addressed and that is veiled in a "culture of quiet and endurance" because of cultural norms that urge women to prioritize other family problems above their health.

Causes of Maternal Disabilities

Any sickness or damage brought on by or made worse by pregnancy or childbirth is referred to as a maternal handicap (or morbidity). Acute disabilities, which afflict a woman during or right after childbirth, and chronic disabilities, which endure for months, years, or a lifetime, are also possible. The majority of maternal impairments are caused by health issues that develop during pregnancy or childbirth. Severe bleeding, infection, obstructed or protracted labor, pregnancy-induced hypertension (high blood pressure), and unsafe abortion are among these "direct causes."

Complications of Pregnancy and Childbirth: Estimates for Less Developed Countries

Anemia, malaria, heart disease, hepatitis, tuberculosis, STIs (including HIV/AIDS), diabetes, and other conditions that are made worse by pregnancy can also result in disabilities. Disability can also result from interactions between illnesses and consequences, making this a particularly challenging subject to evaluate. Whatever the reason, pregnancy problems can be extremely dangerous for the mother's future pregnancies as well as the fetus or baby.

- Poor or nonexistent medical treatment during labor, delivery, and the first few hours following birth are highly linked to maternal impairments. In less developed nations, only approximately half of deliveries are attended by a doctor, nurse, or certified midwife. Women who encounter problems frequently may not get the proper medical care in time to prevent major sickness or harm. Women and their families may not be aware of the warning signals of difficulties or may be afraid of receiving subpar care or paying exorbitant prices at medical institutions. Because of possible deficiencies in obstetric care, even deliveries in medical institutions might be dangerous. Sometimes, the time it takes to go to a medical institution and start getting care causes the mother or kid to pass away.

- Unsafe abortions:

Those that are self-inflicted or performed by untrained caregivers are a significant contributor to maternal impairment and death. Contrarily, problems from abortions performed in a medical setting by trained professionals are uncommon. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 18 million unsafe abortions take place annually in less developed nations, amounting to around one abortion for every ten live births or one in ten pregnancies.

- Not Planning :

Before becoming pregnant, some women don't make any plans. 400 milligrams of folic acid should be taken daily by all females who wish to conceive. If you don't do this, your child may be born with severe brain or spinal cord problems.

- Taking harmful substances during pregnancy:

Alcohol consumption during pregnancy can leave your unborn child with physical, behavioral, and intellectual impairments that last a lifetime. Smoking during pregnant increases the risk of birth abnormalities such cleft lip and palate, as well as infant mortality. In the meantime, some pregnant women consume marijuana, which can potentially result in birth abnormalities.


Source: https://www.prb.org/resources/hidden-suffering-disabilities-from-pregnancy-and-childbirth-in-less-developed-countries/ | https://nationaldailyng.com/reasons-why-some-pregnant-women-give-birth-to-disabled-babies/?amp=1 | https://bmcpregnancychildbirth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2393-13-174 | https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33349725/

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