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African Countries With Highest Fertility Rate, South Africa Not Listed

Source: (Total Fertility Rate 2021)

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The replacement rate and development of a country are calculated using the fertility rate and birth rate. The average number of children born to women of reproductive age is known as the fertility rate (15-44 years). The birth rate is defined as the number of live births per 1,000 people each year.

The fertility rate of a country is a number that reflects the number of children a woman would have if two criteria were met: the woman would experience age-specific fertility rates and she would survive her reproductive childbearing years. This category refers to people aged 15 to 44, or in certain circumstances, 15 to 49.

The fertility rate does not reflect the number of children each woman in a certain area has. Instead, it's based on the typical number of children a woman might have. The "total fertility rate" is another name for this figure. The birth rate is defined as the number of births per 1,000 people in a certain area.

The global fertility rate in 2018 was 2.4 children per woman, according to World Bank data. The average fertility rate in Sub-Saharan African countries was 4.7. Least developed countries, with an average rate of 4.0, also have quite high rates.

The vast majority of the world's most fertile countries are in Africa, with Niger topping the list with 6.9 children per woman, followed by Somalia with 6.1 children per woman. With 44.2 births per 1,000 people, Niger has the world's highest birth rate. Following them are the Democratic Republic of Congo, Mali, and Chad, with 5.9, 5.9, and 5.7 children per woman, respectively. Tunisia, a North African country, has the continent's lowest fertility rate, with 2.1 children per woman. This value places it in the center of the list of two hundred countries.

Nigeria has the sixth highest fertility rate in the world, at 5.4 children per woman. According to a UN report, Nigeria's relatively high fertility rate can be ascribed to poor contraception use, early and universal marriage, high fertility, early childbirth and childbearing over much of the reproductive life span, and high social values put on parenting. The fertility rate in Nigeria has dropped from 6.35 in 1960 to 5.4 in 2019.

The population replacement rate, or the number of children per woman required to sustain a society's population size, is 2.1. Countries with fertility rates below this level may see a shift in their demographics and a shrinking population over time.

The ten African countries with the greatest fertility rates are as follows:

1. Niger (6.9)

2. Congo (5.9)

3. Mali (5.9)

4. Chad (5.7)

5. Angola (5.5)

6. Nigeria (5.4)

7. Burundi (5.4)

8. Burkina Faso (5.2)

9. Gambia (5.2)

10. Uganda (5)

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