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The Condition That Causes Children To Be Born With Their Hearts Outside Their Bodies

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/319929

https://www.webmd.com/baby/ectopia-cordis-overview

https://www.medindia.net/patientinfo/ectopia-cordis.htm

According to healthline, the heart is an organ made up of muscles that pumps blood throughout the human body. The rib cage is supposed to shield the heart, but a certain percentage of the human population is born with their hearts outside the rib cage, making the beating of the heart visible.


The condition is referred to as ectopia cordis, and it is a genetic disorder that only a small number of people are born with. During development inside the mother's womb, a child's chest wall does not grow in the correct manner. In addition to this, the fusion quality is not as good as it normally is. Because of this, the heart is unable to develop normally, which leaves it unprotected and vulnerable because it is located outside of the protection provided by the chest wall.


In a partial ectopia cordis, the heart is situated external to the chest wall, although it is still positioned just slightly beneath the skin. The beating of the heart can be perceived even through the surface of the skin.


Causes


Ectopia cordis is a condition that can affect a child's sternum (breastbone) in its entirety or in part if it fails to form normally. The chest is unable to shut and is left exposed as a result. This takes place at an exceptionally early stage in the development of the embryo.


If the sac ruptures at an early stage in the development of the embryo, the amnion, which is the inner membrane of an embryo, may become entangled with the embryo itself. This can have an effect on the development of the affected components, such as the heart, or cause abnormalities to occur. Ectopia cordis is more prevalent in males than in females.


Treatment


In the event that the abnormality is not discovered by the parent(s) throughout the birthing process, it will be apparent after birth.


If an infant is born with this condition and is able to survive the birth process, it will require intensive medical care. It is possible that incubation and the use of a respirator will be necessary. Dressings that are sterile might be used in order to protect the heart. In addition, you will need antibiotics to stave off infection as well as various forms of supportive treatment.

It's possible that doctors will be able to relocate the child's heart within their chest and then close off their thoracic cavity in certain cases. This kind of operation is fraught with a great deal of peril, particularly when the child in question has a great deal of significant issues. The primary objective is to prevent infection from occurring in the heart.


Is there any way to avoid it happening in the first place?


No, unfortunately, there isn't any relief in sight. There is no way to prevent a genetic defect from occurring in a child; however, if the parents are able to identify it early on during an ultrasound, they will have more time to plan and consult with medical professionals about how to proceed.

Content created and supplied by: BandileBlessing (via Opera News )

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