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OPINION: Why Do Babies Head Come Out First During Labour?

Source: https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/articles/9677-fetal-positions-for-birth


The baby should be placed head-down, facing your back, with the chin tucked in and the back of the head prepared to enter the pelvis during labor. Cephalic presentation is what this is. Between the 32nd and 36th week of pregnancy, the majority of babies find this position. Different forms of breech (feet down) and the occiput posterior position are other fetal postures for birth (face up).


Why is the fetal position important?


The presentation of the fetus refers to the location of the embryo inside your uterus. Your baby will move around inside your uterus throughout your pregnancy. Your baby will typically spend the majority of your pregnancy in a variety of positions. Early on, the infant is still too little to move much. Over the past few months, you could have even felt this movement. However, the movement becomes increasingly constrained as the baby grows. The baby will begin to position itself for delivery as the pregnancy's end draws near. This usually includes turning the baby over so that it is lying head down inside your womb. As it prepares to enter your delivery canal during labor, the baby will begin to descend in your uterus.


Your cervix, which is located directly outside of your uterus, along with your vagina and vulva, make up the birth canal. Consider the birth canal as a tunnel that can be expanded. Your contractions during labor help to stretch this opening so the baby can pass through it during delivery.


Babies are frequently delivered head down since it's the least likely posture to produce complications or the death of the fetus (and possibly the mother) during an unaided labor. This is due to the baby's improved shape and decreased likelihood of umbilical cord compression, among other factors. The infant will suffocate if the chord is compressed because at this moment it is the newborn's only source of oxygen.



Human children have enormous heads, and (supposedly) the weight of the head normally drags it downward toward the end of pregnancy, which is why babies are typically born head down. Premature infants are more likely to be born breech, maybe because of this.

Feet first, one foot first, bum first, or even (worst of all due to cord compression) cord first are different birth positions that are variations of breech. If the doctor or midwife is trained to do so, these (or at least most of these, I don't know, I'm not an expert) can be delivered vaginally, although they are far more risky and frequently require C-section deliveries.

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