Immigrants from other countries suffered discrimination and sometimes violence in South Africa before 1994. Xenophobia grew after the majority government took power in 1994, contrary to forecasts. At least 67 people were killed in so-called xenophobic incidents between 2000 and March 2008. A series of attacks in May 2008 resulted in the deaths of 62 people, 21 of them being South African citizens. Xenophobia was the driving force behind the attacks. In 2015, a new wave of xenophobic violence against immigrants spurred a number of foreign governments to begin repatriating their residents.
According to a Pew Research poll published in 2018, 62 percent of South Africans believe immigrants are a burden on society because they take employment and social benefits, and 61 percent believe immigrants are more responsible for crime than other groups. South Africa's immigrant population grew from 2 million to 4 million between 2010 and 2017. Despite rising xenophobia, the proportion of South Africans born abroad has increased from 2.8 percent in 2005 to 7% in 2019.As a result, South Africa was the continent's largest recipient of immigrants in 2019.
Abdi Nasir Mahmoud Good, 25, was stoned to death on May 30, 2013. The violence was recorded on a cellphone and then uploaded to the Internet.
In June 2013, three Somali shopkeepers were assassinated, prompting the Somali government to seek that the South African authorities do more to safeguard their citizens. Two brothers were allegedly hacked to death among those killed. The attacks sparked outrage and protests from the Somali diaspora around the world, including in Cape Town, London, and Minneapolis.
South African Foreign Minister Maite Nkoana-Mashabane condemned the violence, which resulted in looting and the death of a Somali merchant, with the government's "strongest condemnation." Following violent attacks in Pretoria and Port Elizabeth, Somali Prime Minister Abdi Farah Shirdon expressed worry for the safety of Somalis in South Africa, calling on the South African government to intervene to end violence against Somalis.
When an irate mob of residents assaulted their store in extension 6 late on Saturday, a Somali national in his 50s was reportedly stoned to death and two others were critically injured. Gunshots injured three additional Somalis, and shops were looted.
Foreign business owners cannot expect to coexist peacefully with local business owners unless they disclose their trade secrets, according to South African Small Business Development Minister Lindiwe Zulu. Due to apartheid's marginalization, foreign business owners had an advantage over South African business owners, according to Zulu. "They can't wall themselves in and refuse to discuss their business strategies with locals," Zulu remarked. The remarks drew significant condemnation.
South Africa is considered to be one of the most xenophobic countries Could this be true?
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