The lungs allow for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide, which is essential for the body to function.
Age, smoking, pollution, and other factors can cause the lungs to work less efficiently. Certain health problems can restrict the lungs’ capacity, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma.
A person may not be able to change how much oxygen their lungs can hold. However, breathing exercises can help reduce shortness of breath caused by limited lung function.
1.. Diaphragmatic breathing
Diaphragmatic breathing, or “belly breathing,” engages the diaphragm, which is supposed to do most of the heavy lifting when it comes to breathing.
This technique is particularly helpful in people with COPD, as the diaphragm isn’t as effective in these individuals and could be strengthened. The technique best used when feeling rested.
If you have COPD, ask your doctor or respiratory therapist to show you how to use this exercise for best results.
According to the COPD Foundation, you should do the following to practice diaphragmatic breathing:
1.Relax your shoulders and sit back or lie down.
2.Place one hand on your belly and one on your chest.
3.Inhale through your nose for two seconds, feeling the air move into your abdomen and feeling your stomach move out. Your 4.stomach should move more than your chest does.
5.Breathe out for two seconds through pursed lips while pressing on your abdomen.
Cigarette smoking is the major cause of lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Cigarette smoke can narrow the air passages and make breathing more difficult. It causes chronic inflammation, or swelling in the lung, which can lead to chronic bronchitis. Over time cigarette smoke destroys lung tissue and may trigger changes that grow into cancer. If you smoke, it's never too late to benefit from quitting.
3. Get Regular Check-ups
Regular check-ups help prevent diseases, even when you are feeling well. This is especially true for lung disease, which sometimes goes undetected until it is serious. During a check-up, your healthcare provider will listen to your breathing and listen to your concerns.
4.Watching your posture
Since the lungs are soft structures, they only take up the room that you make for them.
"You want to occasionally sit tall and reach overhead, to make more room for your lungs," says Ryan.
"A simple technique for giving your lungs even more room is leaning back slightly in a stable chair, lifting the chest and opening the front of your body as you breathe deeply," she says.
5. Staying hydrated
Getting enough water is as important for the lungs as it is for the rest of the body.
"Staying well hydrated by taking in fluids throughout the day helps keep the mucosal linings in the lungs thin," Ryan says. "This thinner lining helps the lungs function better."
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