Most women see themselves being mothers, eventually. Most women also don't ever think that they'll run into fertility issues that could come and blot out their vision of one day becoming a mama. When we think of infertility issues, our minds tend to go far. What if I told you that one of the causes of infertility manifests itself as an unbearably painful menstruation. An extremely painful period may be a symptom of Endometriosis. Endometriosis is one of the most popular causes of infertility in women. With this condition, the tissue that lines the inside of a woman's uterus, lines itself on the outside of the uterus instead. This lining is called the Endometrium, with Endometriosis it grows on the outside of the uterus.
This outside lining tissue acts as it would if it were on the inside of the uterus. It lines itself, thickening as the menstruation approaches and breaks down when menstruation occurs. The only thing is that this tissue has no way of exiting the body. It becomes trapped. This tissue can accumulate and form cysts called, Endometriomas. These cysts irritate the surrounding tissue, forming scars in the in the internal pelvic area of a woman.
According to the site, Mayoclinic.org, the symptoms of Endometriosis are:
Painful periods (dysmenorrhea). Pelvic pain and cramping may begin before and extend several days into a menstrual period. You may also have lower back and abdominal pain.
Pain with intimacy. Pain during or after intimacy is common with endometriosis.
Pain with bowel movements or urination. You're most likely to experience these symptoms during a menstrual period.
Excessive bleeding. You may experience occasional heavy menstrual periods or bleeding between periods (intermenstrual bleeding).
Infertility. Sometimes, endometriosis is first diagnosed in those seeking treatment for infertility.
Other signs and symptoms. You may experience fatigue, diarrhea, constipation, bloating or nausea, especially during menstrual periods."
The same site (Mayoclinic.org) gives the following factors that place women of being at risk of getting Endometriosis:
Never giving birth
Starting your period at an early age
Going through menopause at an older age
Short menstrual cycles — for instance, less than 27 days
Heavy menstrual periods that last longer than seven days
Having higher levels of estrogen in your body or a greater lifetime exposure to estrogen your body produces
Low body mass index
One or more relatives (mother, aunt or sister) with endometriosis
Any medical condition that prevents the normal passage of menstrual flow out of the body
Reproductive tract abnormalities
For more information on Endometriosis, please visit: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/endometriosis/symptoms-causes/syc-20354656#:~:text=Endometriosis%20(en%2Ddoe%2Dme,the%20tissue%20lining%20your%20pelvis.
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