You've probably wondered why you sometimes miss your periods and freak out — only to find out that you're not pregnant.
This article will focus on the other reasons that can lead to you missing your period.
First things first; the most effective way that you can use in order for you to keep track of your period cycle is by counting from day 1 of your last period to the start of your next period. Your period is regarded irregular when it’s longer than 38 days or if the duration varies.
The reasons behind irregularities in periods can vary from hormonal imbalances to other underlying conditions, and should be evaluated by doctors.
Here are ressons that could cause you to have irregular periods.
Contraceptives and hormone-containing intrauterine devices (IUDs) can cause irregular bleeding.
Birth control pills may cause spotting between periods and result in much lighter periods.
An IUD may cause heavy bleeding.
Prolactin, the hormone that’s responsible for breast milk production may suppresses your reproductive hormones resulting in very light periods or no period at all while you’re breastfeeding.
However, your periods should return shortly after you stop breastfeeding. Read on to learn more the effects of breastfeeding on your period.
3.Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
Polycystic means the ovary has many or multiple cysts.
Irregular periods are the most common sign of PCOS. If you have PCOS, you may miss periods and have heavy bleeding when you do get your period.
PCOS can also cause:
3. 1. Infertility
3. 2. Overly grown facial and body hair
3. 3. Male-pattern baldness
3. 4. Weight gain or obesity
3.5. Thyroid gland complications
Also, when the thyroid gland underperformes in its functions, it may cause longer, heavier periods.
A 2015 study found that 44 percent of participants with menstrual irregularities also had thyroid disorders.
Hypothyroidism, or underactive thyroid, can cause longer, heavier periods and increased cramping. You may also experience fatigue, sensitivity to cold, and weight gain.
High levels of thyroid hormones, which is seen in hyperthyroidism, can cause shorter, lighter periods.
The swelling at the base of your neck is another common sign of a thyroid disorder.
Fibroids are muscular tumors that develop in the wall of the uterus. Most fibroids are noncancerous and can range in size from as small as an apple seed to the size of a grapefruit.
Fibroids can cause your periods to be very painful and heavy enough to cause anemia. You may also feel:
4 1. pelvic pain
4.2. low back pain
4.3. pain in your legs
4.4. pain during sex
Most fibroids don’t require treatment and symptoms can be managed with over-the-counter (OTC) pain medications and an iron supplement if you develop anemia.
Endometriosis affects 1 in 10 women of reproductive age. This is a condition in which the endometrium the tissue that normally lines the inside of your uterus grows outside the uterus instead.
Endometriosis causes very painful, even debilitating menstrual cramps. Endometriosis also causes heavy bleeding, prolonged periods, and bleeding between periods.
Obesity is known to cause menstrual irregularity. Research shows that being overweight impacts hormone and insulinlevels, which can interfere with your menstrual cycle.
Gaining weight in a short period of time can also cause menstrual irregularities. Weight gain and irregular periods are common signs of PCOS and hypothyroidism, and should be evaluated by your doctor.
7. Sever Weight Loss
Excessive or rapid weight loss can cause your period to stop. Not consuming enough calories can interfere with the production of the hormones needed for ovulation..
You’re considered underweight if you have a body mass index lower than 18.5. Along with stopped periods, you may also experience fatigue, headaches, and hair loss.
8. Excessive exercise
Excessive exercise has been proven to interfere with the hormones responsible for menstruation, as a result, athletes and women who participate in intensive training and physical activities, such as ballet dancers, often develop amenorrhea, which is missed or stopped periods.
Cutting back on your training and increasing your calorie count can help restore your periods.
Research shows that stress can interfere with your menstrual cycle by temporarily interfering with the part of the brain that controls the hormones that regulate your cycle. Your periods should return to normal after your stress decreases.
Some medication can cause an interference in your menstrual cycle, including:
10.1. hormone replacement therapy
10.2. blood thinners
10.3. hyroid medications
10.4. epilepsy drugs
10.6. chemotherapy drugs
10.7. aspirin and ibuprofen
11. Cervical & endometrial cancer
The cancer of the cervix and the cancer of the endometrium can cause changes to your menstrual cycle, along with bleeding between periods or heavy periods. Bleeding during or after intercourse and unusual discharge are other signs and symptoms of these cancers.
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