Melanin, the pigment that gives skin, hair, and eyes their color, is produced naturally by the body. The darker a person's hair, complexion, or eyes are, the more melanin they have in their bodies.
The presence of increased melanin in a person's body may result in dark brown or black gums. There is no need to be concerned if a person's gums have always been dark.
However, if the gum color changes quickly or if areas of black occur on the gums, it is unlikely to be produced by melanin and may signal a medical problem.
Gums that are black are a direct result of inadequate or neglected dental hygiene. Plaque and tartar buildup near the gingival sulcus can easily irritate the gums. If tartar is not eliminated during a deep dental cleaning, the inflammation extends to the entire gingival tissue, resulting in progressive redness. If you don't act quickly, the problem could worsen and lead to periodontitis.
We have inherited variables as well as species-specific factors among the non-pathological causes. People with dark skin have an overabundance of melanin, which is also present in their gums, which causes pigmentation to vary, making them appear darker.
Gum discoloration can be caused by smoking. Smoker's melanosis is the term for this condition. Melanin is produced by specialized cells in the body called melanocytes. Tobacco contains nicotine, which causes melanocytes to create more melanin than usual.
Gums may turn a darker shade of brown or black. The color change might occur in patches or cover the entire interior of the mouth. The color of the inner cheekbones and the lower lip may also change.
There is a correlation between stopping smoking and lessened gum discolouration, according to research. This shows that darker regions of gum color produced by smoking could be reversed.
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