The term "DIABETES" refers to a set of diseases in which the body is unable to control its blood sugar levels on its own. Type 1, type 2, and diabetes brought on by malnutrition are the three kinds of the disease. In each of these three cases, managing the illness through nutrition is crucial.
Despite having many kinds, diabetes affects the body in various ways. The immune system of the body targets and kills the cells that make insulin in type one diabetes, an autoimmune condition. Type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, happens when the body does not create enough insulin or when the cells do not respond to insulin. In the UK, type two diabetes accounts for 90% of occurrences, with type one accounting for the remaining 10%.
There are currently no reports of diabetes caused by malnutrition in the UK, however the illness is quite common in other parts of the world particularly developing countries. Diet, while a factor in all three forms of diabetes, is particularly crucial in the management and prevention of type two diabetes.
This is because a low-quality, salt-rich diet mixed with unhealthy lifestyle choices like inactivity is one of the primary risk factors for type 2 diabetes.
The NHS recommends that people with type two diabetes "eat a broad variety of meals, limit sugar, fat, and salt to a minimum, and eat breakfast, lunch, and supper every day" in its type two diabetes guidelines.
Some meals, according to one research, can help regulate blood sugar levels while others can imbalance them.
A 2003 research indicated that oolong tea "markedly decreased concentrations of glucose," suggesting that it may help lower blood sugar levels.
According to a 2003 research, oolong tea may aid in lowering blood sugar levels. (Photo by Getty Images )
Oolong tea may be a useful supplement to oral hypoglycemic medications in the treatment of type 2 diabetes, the study added in its conclusion.
What exactly do hypoglycemic agents do?
Chemicals called hypoglycaemic agents are used to help people with type 2 diabetes reduce their blood sugar levels. Oolong tea, which had the same effect on the body as these, might be used in addition to them, according to the study.
The tea's potential to reduce blood glucose levels was also mentioned in the study as having an antihyperglycemic effect on the body.
What occurs when blood glucose levels go too high?
A diabetic who has hyperglycemia—a disease marked by a number of symptoms such as blurred vision, weakness, frequent urination, extreme thirst, and weight loss—can develop if blood sugar levels become too high.
What occurs when blood glucose levels are too low?
Similar to how problems can develop if blood sugar levels climb too high, hypoglycaemia, or "hypo," is a condition in which blood sugar levels remain dangerously low.
Hypos may be quite harmful for the patient if they are not addressed.
Sweating, feeling exhausted, dizzy, feeling hungry, tingling lips, feeling shaky or shaking, heart palpitations, being easily agitated, sad, nervous, or irritable, and going pale are all signs of hypoglycemia.
Why would a hypo be harmful?
A hypo is risky because, if ignored, it can result in serious sickness and even death; however, it is fairly simple to fix.
People with diabetes need to be extra cautious about when and what they consume. (Photo via Getty Images)
Early-detected hypos are treated by consuming a sugary snack like fruit juice or a fizzy beverage. Eating a slow-release carbohydrate alongside a heavy meal is another option.
According to the NHS, diabetics should notify their diabetes team if they are having a hypo or when they see that their symptoms have subsided as their blood sugar levels drop.
Do people with type two diabetes need to watch what they eat?
People with type two diabetes can eat a variety of foods like everyone else, depending on their dietary requirements. The timing is more important this time around since eating the incorrect thing at the wrong time might cause blood sugar levels to rise or fall.
This is why many diabetics carry test kits or wear smart sensors on their arms; these devices provide them a quick assessment of their blood sugar levels.
diabetes signs and symptoms. (Photo credit: Daily Express)
Diabetes: Does it have any complications?
Diabetics need to control when and what they consume, but they also need to be aware that as their diagnosis progresses, so does their chance of developing a range of illnesses.
For instance, diabetics are more likely than people without the illness to endure heart disease, a stroke, nerve damage, a miscarriage, or a stillbirth.
Additionally, they are more prone to acquire diabetic neuropathy, a disease where vision loss is a direct effect of diabetes, and they are also more likely to undergo visual loss.
However, these issues may be avoided and a normal life can be lived to the fullest thanks to diligent condition treatment.
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