Moringa, popularly known as the "miracle tree," is gaining popularity around the world for its benefits in nutrition, sustainability, global health, and agriculture. So, what makes moringa so extraordinary?
History and Global Use of Moringa
The moringa tree (Moringa oleifera) is a fast-growing, deciduous tree native to southern Asia, Africa, and South America. Because of its propensity to thrive all year, the moringa tree has been used medicinally and as a food source by numerous cultures. Moringa was first discovered approximately 2000 B.C. and was utilised in ancient medicine to treat over 300 ailments (1). It thrives now because of its potential to improve diets in a sustainable way by supplying protein, vitamins, and other phytochemicals.
Moringa's Nutritional Values
Moringa is used as a dietary supplement by people in underdeveloped countries all over the world because of its high nutrient richness. Moringa leaves are high in protein, essential amino acids, and micronutrients like copper, manganese, iron, zinc, and vitamin A, making them an excellent natural nutrient supplement (2, 3). Moringa contains polyphenols, isothiocyanates, and polyunsaturated fatty acids in addition to minerals (PUFAs). Its oil has similar nutritional properties to olive oil, but it is more resistant to oxidation and does not go rancid as rapidly.
Moringa, unlike many other botanicals, has been demonstrated to be resilient and its nutrients can resist high temperatures such as boiling. Unserved populations can nourish their bodies with an easy-to-grow superfood that can be gathered locally and remains nutritionally stable for long periods of time by adding the leaves to a soup or even battering and frying them (4).
Moringa Is More Than a Superfood
Moringa's mild flavour and nutrient-dense leaf are used in dishes and brewed into tea, but beyond its nutritional benefits, its adaptability makes it a long-term solution with various uses. The oil from the seed is commonly used in skin and hair care, while the seed itself has lately been employed in water purification. Moringa bark and seed cake are used in textiles and animal feed, the roots are utilised for medicinal purposes, and the live tree is frequently used as fence (5, 6). Moringa is a sustainable alternative across numerous industries with nearly unlimited uses because it requires little water to grow and can be used in all parts of the tree.
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