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Abnormal Menstruation: Things Ladies Should Know About It

Menstrual periods span four to seven days for practically all women. Menstruation lasts 28 days on average, but it can last anywhere from 21 to 35 days.


The following are examples of menstrual problems:

1. Time intervals of less than 21 days or greater than 35 days.


2. Missing three or more periods in a row.


3. Abnormally heavy or light menstrual flow.


4. Extended periods of time (more than seven days).


5. Bleeding or spotting between periods, after menopause, or after intimacy.


6. Discomfort, vomiting, cramps, or nausea are common during these times.


Here are some examples of irregular menstruation:


1. Amenorrhea: This is a condition in which a woman's menstrual cycle has completely stopped. When a period does not occur for 90 days or more, it is called abnormal (or amenorrhea) (unless a woman is breastfeeding, pregnant, breastfeeding, or going through menopause). Young women who haven't started menstruating by the age of 15 or 16 suffer from amenorrhea.


2. Oligomenorrhea: When a woman's period is irregular, she is said to have oligomenorrhea.


3. Dysmenorrhea: When menstruation is accompanied by pain and cramps, this is known as dysmenorrhea. It's typical for most women to feel some discomfort during their cycle.


4. Uterine bleeding that is abnormal: Abnormal uterine bleeding might take the form of a heavier monthly flow, a cycle that lasts longer than seven days, or bleeding or spotting between periods.


Menstrual irregularities are the result of this condition (periods)

1. Factors such as stress and lifestyle.


2. Pills for birth control.


3. Fibroid or polyps in the uterus.


4. Endometriosis is a type of endometriosis that affects women.


Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a condition in which the lining of the pelvis


Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS).


7. Ovarian insufficiency that develops too early.


Cervical cancer or uterine cancer are two other causes of irregular menstruation.


2. Anticoagulant and steroid medications.


3. Medical conditions that affect hormonal balance, such as bleeding disorders, an overactive or underactive thyroid gland, or pituitary disorders.


4. Ectopic pregnancy or miscarriage.


What may be done to reduce the risk of irregular periods (menstruation)?

Here are some suggestions for self care:


1. Maintain a healthy lifestyle by exercising moderately and eating nutritious foods. If you need to reduce weight, do so gradually rather than following fad diets that severely limit your calorie and food intake.


2. Make sure you get enough sleep.


3. Use stress-reduction and relaxation techniques.


4. If you're an athlete, cut back on how much time you spend working out. Abnormal periods might occur as a result of excessive activity or workouts.


5. Use birth control pills or other forms of contraception.


6. Change your tampons or sanitary napkins every four to six hours to avoid infections and toxic shock syndrome.


7. It is suggested that you see a doctor on a regular basis.


Note: If your period is not used or if it is painful, see your doctor.


my.clevelandclinic.org is the source for this information.

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