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[In shock] | Reasons why countries force their citizens to get vaccinated


World Health Organization is coordinated global efforts to develop the vaccine with the goal of providing two billion doses by the end of 2021.


Forecasts suggest that enough vaccines in this year will be available to give at least one dose to every person in the world, but getting them to every country and every arm is a major challenge.


By September, only 10% of the population in some countries had been vaccinated, Tedro said.    Show Source Texts

On February 19 the Biden Administration announced that it would pledge $4 billion to COVax, an initiative run by the facility to ensure that all countries had equal access to the vaccine.


COVAX delivered its first delivery of the vaccine on 24 February with the arrival of 600,000 doses in Accra, Ghana.    Show Source Texts

The majority of COVID-19 doses are produced in the United States, China, India and Europe and these countries feel pressured to vaccinate their own populations.


Dozens of vaccines have been approved in countries such as China, Russia, the UK and the US for general or emergency use. But few governments are interested in making vaccines against the virus mandatory.    Show Source Texts


Some countries focus on educating their populations about the benefits of vaccination, leaving it to the individual to decide, while others provide financial incentives to make vaccination compulsory to ensure higher vaccination rates.


Several countries with mandatory vaccination policies are choosing not to enforce them. But most seem to agree that vaccination programs should allow medical exemptions.    Show Source Texts


In several countries, vaccination measures are considered mandatory to such an extent that children cannot go to school without certain vaccines and their parents face fines or prison sentences. It is not unusual for laws to insist that children and some workers and travellers entering a country must be vaccinated.


All but three Canadian provinces and states in the United States require that children be vaccinated before going to school, said Dr. Lance Rodewald, director of immunization services at the National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta, Georgia.   Show Source Texts

For the past five years, lawmakers have restricted access to school in Australia, France and Italy for children who have not received the recommended vaccines of the country, including MMR.


Other countries appear to have more modest disease-specific mandatory vaccination programs. A study published by Vaccine Now last year entitled "A global assessment of the national statutory vaccinations and the consequences of non-compliance" concluded that there is a kind of nationwide vaccination requirement in 100 countries.    Show Source Texts


As a result, governments around the world are considering measures that would make vaccination mandatory. Nationwide protests against vaccination regulations and other provisions of the French government drew 240,000 people earlier this month.


Companies are suing the city of New York for revocation of the vaccination mandate in public places such as restaurants, and debunked videos purporting to show Australian police forces people to be vaccinated are circulating on social media.


Full regulatory approval of Pfizer and Biontech's vaccines is expected to spark a flurry of mandates across the country. A summer rule requires the UAE to require vaccinations before students can return to classrooms, and companies like Google have begun to force employees to get vaccinated before they enter office.    Show Source Texts


While several countries, including Bahrain, Israel, Seychelles and the United States, have made substantial progress in immunizing their citizens, many others vaccinated just a small portion of their populations initially.

Indeed, experts predict that 1.1 billion doses of vaccine will be produced by the end of 2021 but will be inaccessible to the vast majority of people in high-income countries.


Governments and private employers are urging those lucky enough to have access to COVID-19-vaccines around the world to take them, and are directing their mandates to civic-minded people and demanding measures similar to Napoleon's.    Show Source Texts

On Wednesday, the Center for Emerging Infectious Disease Policy and Research (CEID) hosted a panel of experts to discuss the pitfalls of preventing coronavirus vaccines from reaching the world's most vulnerable populations and the challenges ahead to meet the goal of getting a COVID vaccine to 40 percent of the world's population by the end of 2021.


This target is larger than the target of vaccinating 60% of the population by mid-2022, presented by Kristalina Georgieva, CEO of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), at the G20 World Health Summit of this year.    Show Source Texts

Currently, 85% of the doses of COVID-19 vaccine administered so far go to people in high and middle-income countries.


The World Health Organization and other multilateral institutions like the World Bank have focused on financing and producing the vaccine for global use, especially to ensure a fair distribution among countries.

The G7 nations have committed to donate up to one billion doses of the vaccine to low-income areas by mid-2022.    Show Source Texts


Despite enormous progress, many people around the world, including 20 million infants each year, still do not have sufficient access to the vaccine. T


oday, rich countries vaccinate children as young as 12, who are less likely to develop severe COVID-19, while poor countries do not get enough vaccines for health workers.    Show Source Texts

The Public Health Agency in England estimates that the 1968 introduced Measles vaccine in the UK combined with the 1988 Mumps-rubella vaccine prevented 20 million measles cases and saved 4,500 lives.


The World Health Organization (WHO) considers compulsory vaccination to be necessary and proportionate to achieve important public health objectives.


Vaccinating a critical mass of the world's population is crucial to controlling the COVID-19 pandemic, but there are a number of new challenges, including dangerous new strains of the virus, the global competition for limited doses and the public reluctance to deploy multiple vaccines.    Show Source Texts

Many countries require vaccinations for certain groups of workers, such as nurses in Australia and the UK and medical staff in Italy.


The risk is that people who refuse vaccination will not work - a dangerous prospect for people who work in health care during a pandemic.    Show Source Texts


Cited Sources


https://www.cfr.org/backgrounder/guide-global-covid-19-vaccine-efforts 0


https://www.economist.com/the-economist-explains/2021/07/02/why-dont-governments-make-covid-19-vaccines-mandatory 1


https://www.bu.edu/articles/2021/why-global-covid-vaccinations-are-dangerously-lagging/ 2


https://www.who.int/health-topics/vaccines-and-immunization 3


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vaccination_policy4


https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-03642-w 5


https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2021/08/are-covid-19-vaccine-mandates-a-human-rights-violation/ 6


https://www.reuters.com/world/countries-make-covid-19-vaccines-mandatory-2021-07-13/ 7


https://www.science.org/news/2021/05/rich-countries-cornered-covid-19-vaccine-doses-four-strategies-right-scandalous 8


https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3216445/9


https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/article/coronavirus-vaccine-tracker-how-they-work-latest-developments-cvd 10


https://www.ibanet.org/article/70E1F93E-A23B-4F1A-A596-AEEF84750241 11

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