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Kidney stones are deadly, learn about symptoms, causes and treatment

A kidney stone or stones can cause pain in your back or side, blood in your urine, and nausea/vomiting in addition to the pain. The average kidney stone is around the size of a chickpea, although they can range in size from a grain of sand to a golf ball. Small stones can pass through your urinary tract, but larger stones may require surgery.

A kidney stone is an oddly shaped solid mass or crystal that can range in size from a grain of sand to a golf ball. You may not even be aware that you have a kidney stone depending on its size. Even little stones can be very painful as they pass through your urinary tract. The process, which might take up to three weeks, may be aided by drinking water.

A big kidney stone might become stuck in the ureter. The stone can cause bleeding and prevent urine from leaving your body if this happens. A stone that won't pass on its own may require surgery.

Causes

Particles in your urine cause kidney stones to develop. Usually, the ingredients that form stones flow through your urinary system. When they don't, it's as there isn't enough urine volume, which causes the compounds to crystalize and become highly concentrated. This is usually caused by a lack of water intake. The particles that make stones are:

1. Calcium

2. Oxalate

3. Uric acid

4. Phosphate

5. Cystines

6. Xanthine

Some of the waste products that leave your body include these and other substances.

Symptoms

It's possible to have a stone in your kidney for years without realizing it. However, you may experience symptoms if it begins to move or becomes quite large. A kidney stone can cause the following symptoms:

You're experiencing pain in your lower back or side. This discomfort may begin as a dull aching that comes and goes. It can also develop serious, requiring a trip to the hospital.

With the discomfort comes nausea and/or vomiting. When you notice blood in your urine, it's a sign that something is wrong. I'm having trouble urinating because I'm in discomfort. Inability to urinate. Urinating more frequently than usual.

Fever or chills are two symptoms of a fever. Having urine that stinks or seems hazy. Kidney stones that are smaller may not produce pain or other symptoms. These "silent stones" move through your body and are excreted in your urine.

Treatment

Your healthcare professional will first assess whether you require therapy after being diagnosed. When you urinate, some tiny kidney stones may pass through your system. This can be excruciatingly unpleasant. If your doctor determines that you require treatment, you can choose between drugs and surgery.

Reduce the amount of pain. If you're at the emergency room, your healthcare professional may advise you to take an over-the-counter pain reliever like ibuprofen or an IV narcotic.

Control nausea and vomiting.

The stones will travel through your ureter if you relax your ureter. Medicines that are often administered.

Surgery. Kidney stones are treated with four different types of procedures. The first three procedures are minimally invasive, which means the surgeon enters your body through a natural entrance (such as your urethra) or a minor incision.

Source: https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/15604-kidney-stones

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