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Cause, Prevention And Treatment Of Goiter That Everybody Should Know

Diseases come in many different forms, and some kill quickly and are never found.

Many people around the world don't know that certain things can cause a goiter in the neck.

Here are some of the reasons why.

1. Thyroid

Goiter can happen when a virus causes inflammation in the neck, which happens when someone has thyroid disease.

Simple goiters happen when the thyroid gland doesn't make enough hormones for the body to work properly. In order to make up for the lack, the thyroid gland gets bigger.

Thyroid tissue that is hurt and inflamed doesn't make enough hormones (hypothyroidism). When the pituitary gland notices that the thyroid isn't making enough hormones, it can tell the thyroid to make more.

2. Radiation Treatment for the Neck

If you have been treated with radiation to your neck, you could get a goiter.

After a mean dose of more than 0.05-0.1 Gy, the risk of cancer goes up (50-100mGy). The risk is highest when a child is exposed, and it goes down slowly with age until it is almost nothing when a person is an adult. After exposure, it takes 5 to 10 years for a thyroid cancer to show up.

Many people with head and neck cancer get radiation to the thyroid gland, an important organ in the middle of the lower neck. Radiation therapy could cause damage to the thyroid gland, which could lead to hypothyroidism.

3. Your thyroid gland has bumps on both sides

A nodular goiter is caused by one or more nodules in the gland. A diffuse goiter is a goiter that grows smoothly and evenly. Nodules can be solid, filled with fluid, or both. Nodules on the thyroid are very common.

Because of this, it could keep getting bigger and bigger until it turns into a neck goiter.

Nodules in the thyroid are lumps or masses in the gland.

4. Passed down

Because genes can be passed down, if your parents have a goiter, you might get it too.

In some cases, thyroid problems in the family seem to be linked to autoimmune diseases.

Risk factors for getting a goiter include being a woman over 40, not getting enough iodine in your diet, living in an endemic area, and having a history of goiter in your family.


Based on what causes goiter, you can take steps to stop it. If you can, fix iodine deficiency and keep goitrogens from coming from food or medicine. Iodine deficiency is rare in the United States because iodine is added to table salt, used in animal feed, and mixed into dough to make it rise.


Treatment for a goiter depends on the size of the goiter, your signs and symptoms, and the cause. If your goiter is small and your thyroid is working normally, your doctor may tell you to wait and see. He or she may also suggest that you get regular checkups.

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