Every human body, as we all know, has two kidneys, which are largely responsible for filtering the blood and producing urine that is free of nitrogenous waste products such as urea, creatinine, acids, and other metabolic waste products.
Millions of people suffer from kidney disease, and most of them are completely unaware of their condition.
This is why kidney disease is known as the "silent killer" because most patients do not notice any symptoms until the disease has progressed. People get their blood pressure, diabetes, and cholesterol levels checked regularly, but they don't get a simple blood creatinine test to check for undiagnosed kidney abnormalities. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is the eighth leading cause of death in the world, according to the Global Burden Disease (GBD) report.
There are several warning indicators of a kidney problem, but they are often overlooked or confused with other diseases (due to their non-specific nature). As a result, one must be extremely vigilant and have confirmatory tests (including blood, urine, and imaging) performed as soon as any evidence of a kidney problem appears.
Below are 5 symptoms that show you have a damaged kidney.
1. Swelling of ankles, feet and legs.
Pit edema is characterized by edema that collapses when pressure is applied. Sodium retention occurs as kidney function declines, resulting in edema in the shins and ankles. In summary, anyone with new-onset foot edema should see a nephrologist as soon as possible to have their kidney function evaluated.
2. Periorbital edema.
It refers to puffiness or puffiness around the eyes caused by the accumulation of fluid in the cells or tissues. It is one of the first symptoms of a kidney problem. It is most noticeable in people who have a substantial amount of protein leaking from the kidneys. The loss of protein from the body reduces intravascular oncotic pressure, which causes accumulation of extravascular fluid in places such as the eyes.
3. Changes in the frequency of urination.
You need to keep a close eye on urine output. For example, your urine flow may decrease or you may feel the need to urinate more often, especially at night (called nocturia). It could be a warning sign that the renal filtration units have been damaged or are about to be damaged.
4. Foamy urine or blood in the urine.
The presence of protein in the urine is indicated by excessive foaming in the urine (which under normal circumstances should be insignificant). Proteins and blood cells begin to leak into the urine when the kidney's filtering function has been compromised or is compromised. Blood in the urine can suggest tumors, kidney stones, or any type of infection, in addition to kidney disease.
5. Back pain or pain in the lower abdomen.
An early indication of a kidney condition, such as kidney stones or pyelonephritis, is pain in the back, side, or below the ribs. Lower abdominal pain can also be caused by a bladder infection or a stone in the ureter (the tube that connects the kidney and the bladder). Such symptoms should not be overlooked and should be further monitored with a standard imaging study such as an X-ray KUB or abdominal ultrasound.
Early detection and treatment of kidney dysfunction or kidney failure, which could result in dialysis, kidney transplant, or even death, can be achieved by recognizing and understanding the warning signs and intervening immediately.
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