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Possible Symptoms Of HIV

HIV is a sexually transmitted infection (STI). It can also be spread by contact with infected blood or from mother to child during pregnancy, childbirth or breast-feeding. Without medication, it may take years before HIV weakens your immune system to the point that you have AIDS.


There's no cure for HIV/AIDS, but medications can dramatically slow the progression of the disease. These drugs have reduced AIDS deaths in many developed nations.



Symptoms


The symptoms of HIV and AIDS vary, depending on the phase of infection.


Primary infection (Acute HIV)


Some people infected by HIV develop a flu-like illness within two to four weeks after the virus enters the body. This illness, known as primary (acute) HIV infection, may last for a few weeks. Possible signs and symptoms include:


Fever


Headache


Muscle aches and joint pain


Rash


Sore throat and painful mouth sores


Swollen lymph glands, mainly on the neck


Diarrhea


Weight loss


Cough


Night sweats

These symptoms can be so mild that you might not even notice them. However, the amount of virus in your bloodstream (viral load) is quite high at this time. As a result, the infection spreads more easily during primary infection than during the next stage.


Clinical latent infection (Chronic HIV)


In this stage of infection, HIV is still present in the body and in white blood cells. However, many people may not have any symptoms or infections during this time.


This stage can last for many years if you're not receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART). Some people develop more severe disease much sooner.

Symptomatic HIV infection


As the virus continues to multiply and destroy your immune cells — the cells in your body that help fight off germs — you may develop mild infections or chronic signs and symptoms such as:


Fever


Fatigue


Swollen lymph nodes — often one of the first signs of HIV infection


Diarrhea

Content created and supplied by: Life_News (via Opera News )

AIDS HIV STI

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