https://www.webmd.com/hiv-aids/guide/hiv-in-childrenThe number of youngsters infected with HIV has been declining over the last several years. The virus was present in 2.6 million children under the age of 15 in countries all over the globe at the end of 2015, but only approximately one-third of those youngsters had received treatment.
The southern part of Sub-Saharan Africa is home to the majority of reports of pediatric HIV and AIDS. The most common cause of mortality among preteens and adolescents is homicide. HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, attacks and destroys the immune system, making it unable to fight illnesses and some types of cancer.
However, with the right combination of medicines and compassionate care, HIV-positive youngsters may grow up to enjoy long and fulfilling lives.
The majority of HIV-positive children acquired the virus from their mothers when they were pregnant, during the birth process, or while they were breastfeeding them. It has been shown that women who get vaccinated and then remain on treatment if they test positive have a much lower chance of spreading the illness to their children. This is the most effective method of preventing HIV from developing in babies.
Children who have lost their parents and other family members as a result of AIDS are much more susceptible to HIV infection than other children. They may overlook the needs of caretakers, admittance to school, or the ability to advocate for their own interests.
Children may become corrupted as a result of sexual exploitation or sexual rape. In certain countries, child marriages are historically allowed, and a young girl may get HIV from her older husband and then pass it on to her children via breastfeeding. The younger the child is when they first have sexual contact, the greater the likelihood that they will acquire HIV.
The use of injectable drugs among young people living on the streets in Central and Eastern Europe is a major source of HIV transmission. High-risk behaviors, such as needle sharing, were found to be prevalent among children as young as ten years of age in one study carried out in Ukraine.
Transfusions of HIV-positive blood or injections with non-sterilized needles have the potential to infect children across the world, particularly in developing nations. Medical safeguards are in place in the United States and Western European nations in order to discourage this practice.
Not all children with HIV will show symptoms, and even those who do show signs may not be the same as those who do not. The severity of symptoms may vary depending on the age group.
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