According to the United Nations, 200 million girls and women who are still living today are thought to have had FGM in some form (UN).
It is mainly practiced in 30 countries in Africa and the Middle East, although it is also found in several Asian and Latin American nations. Additionally, according to the UN, among immigrant populations in Western Europe, North America, Australia, and New Zealand.
On February 6, the International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation, it demands an end to FGM.
According to Bishara Sheikh Hamo from the Borana Community in Kenya's Isiolo County, FGM can result in physical and mental health issues that later harm women.
When I was 11 years old, I had FGM, claims Bishara. "My grandma told me that FGM is a must for all girls and that it made us pure,"
But Bishara was unaware that it would result in her having irregular menstrual cycles, bladder issues, and repeated infections. She could only deliver by Caesarean section.
She is currently an advocate against FGM.
Female Genital Mutilation: What Is It?
The intentional cutting or removal of a female's external genitalia is known as female genital mutilation, or FGM.
The World Health Organization defines it as "any surgery that injures the female genital organs for non-medical reasons," which frequently entails the removal or cutting of the labia and clitoris.
Why does it happen?
Social acceptance, religion, misunderstandings about hygiene, the preservation of a girl's or woman's virginity, making the victim "marriageable," and boosting male sexual satisfaction are the most frequently mentioned justifications for FGM.
It is seen as a requirement for marriage and, in certain cultures, serves as a rite of passage into adulthood.
FGM has no sanitary or health benefits, but communities that practice it think that women's vaginas should be cut, and those who have not are seen as unfit, dirty, or unworthy.
Health professionals around the world view it as a kind of violence against women and a violation of their human rights because it frequently occurs against their choice. It is also considered to be child abuse when done to children.
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