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MONKEYPOX : The new zoonosis disease that is spreading

Monkeypox is an uncommon disease caused by infection with the monkeypox virus, according to the Centers for Disease Control. Monkeypox is making headlines in the UK after the country's health authorities confirmed a recent traveler's case of the disease. St Thomas hospital in London is presently caring for the patient in an isolation unit.

What is monkeypox disease, and how is it transmitted?

It is a zoonotic illness, which means it can be spread from animals to humans, according to the World Health Organization. Monkeypox got its name because of two outbreaks of a pox-like disease that occurred in research colonies of monkeys in 1958.


Smallpox elimination efforts in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) escalated in 1970, when the first human case of monkeypox was discovered.


The risk of transmission from sick person to infected person is low, but it can spread if there is close contact between the two people. Any of these points of entry are potential entry points for the virus.


Symptom

It takes an average of six to thirteen days for monkeypox to incubate, although it can take anything from five to twenty-one days. Fever, headache, muscle aches, backache, swollen lymph nodes, chills, and tiredness are the most common initial symptoms. A skin rash may also develop within a few days of the onset of a fever.


Treatment

According to the World Health Organization, there is no suggested therapy for monkeypox at this time. Several observational studies have shown that the vaccinia vaccine against smallpox is around 85% effective in preventing monkeypox. As a result, past childhood vaccinations for smallpox may result in a less severe illness.

Source: https://www.onmanorama.com/lifestyle/health/2022/05/10/everything-need-know-about-monkey-pox.html

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Centers for Disease Control DRC London St Thomas UK

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