The Man with the stretchiest skin Is Garry Turner
Human skin can stretch and then return to its usual state when released if it is healthy and well-hydrated. Collagen and elastin, two proteins that are plentiful and are found in the muscles, skin, and bones, regulate this process. Elastin helps the skin to stretch while collagen provides it structure.
Hyperelastic skin is skin that stretches farther than regular skin. This happens when collagen production increases quickly or elastin production decreases, which results in the skin losing its ability to stretch.
Hyperelasticity's principal causes
People with Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome frequently exhibit hyperelasticity (EDS). The term "EDS" refers to a set of hereditary conditions that affect the connective tissues that are crucial for the structure and support of the body's organs, bones, skin, and blood vessels.
A genetic abnormality that affects the collagen protein and, in turn, weakens the connective tissue causes EDS to develop. Due to gene mutations, the entire EDS process results in increased skin stretchiness.
Hypermobility, arthrochalasia, kyphoscoliosis, dermatosparaxis, vascular, and typical EDS are the many subtypes. The most serious of these is vascular EDS, which impacts the intestines and blood vessel walls.
Due to the autosomal inheritance pattern of EDS, each person is affected differently by it. Hyperelasticity is present in all of the aforementioned kinds of the illness, though.
both hyperelasticity and connective tissue
A collection of tissues known as connective tissues is crucial for the development and support of the human body. Its secondary functions include supporting and carrying other tissues and chemicals. Skin hyperelasticity could be caused by a connective tissue deficiency.
Other conditions that damage the connective tissues and cause stretchy skin include pseudoxanthoma elasticum, subcutaneous T-cell lymphoma, Marfan syndrome, and osteogenesis imperfecta (PXE)
A hereditary condition that affects the connective tissues is called Marfan syndrome. The protein fibrillin-1 is the primary factor contributing to the condition. This gene's mutation results in an increase in the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-) production as well as a connective tissue deficiency that also causes hyperelastic skin.
T-cell lymphoma under the skin
Skin cancer that develops in the immune system's white blood cells is called lymphoma. It frequently manifests as body-wide rashes on the skin.
Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma grows inside the body relatively slowly. This form of lymphoma has a potential of being treated if discovered in its early stages.
Hodgkin and Non-Hodgkin lymphomas are the two subtypes of lymphomas. Skin lymphoma is the result of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, which only affects the skin. This opens the door for further skin conditions, among which is hyperelasticity.
An abnormality in collagen causes a group of hereditary illnesses known as osteogenesis imperfecta, which are characterized by readily breakable bones. This kind of bone fracture happens for no obvious reason. Occasionally, several fractures develop at once. In a few uncommon circumstances, fractures can develop in a kid even before birth. Stretchy skin is a complication of this collagen-related illness.
The buildup of calcium and other minerals in the elastic fiber distinguishes PXE, a degenerative illness. Connective tissues, which give the entire body its stiffness and flexibility, are made up of elastic fibers. Stretchy skin results from connective tissue injury brought on by the minerals that have accumulated in the fiber.
People with PXE have papules, which are yellow lumps. The underarms, neck, and elbow are examples of places where these papules can be discovered.
Flexibility and age
The elastic tissue found throughout the body, elastin, is frequently harmed by aging. Elastin production declines and starts to break down as humans age, losing its elastic quality. The skin stretches as a result and hangs slackly.
Hyperelasticity of the skin can also result from premature aging.
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