Folliculitis is a common skin condition that causes the hair follicles to become inflamed. It's usually caused by a bacterial or fungal infection. First of all, there are small red bumps or white pimples around the hair follicles, the small pockets from which all hair grows. The infection can spread and turn into crusty sores that won't heal. Advertising Mayo Clinic does not endorse any company or product. Advertising revenues support our charitable mission.
The condition is not life threatening, but it can be itchy, painful, and embarrassing. Serious infections can lead to permanent hair loss and scarring. If you have a mild case, it will likely go away in a few days with basic personal hygiene measures. For more severe or recurring folliculitis, you may need to see a doctor for prescription medication. Some types of folliculitis are known as hot tub rash, razor bumps, and itchy fur.
Products and Services Book: Mayo Clinic Family Health Book, 5th EditionMore View Mayo Clinic Products SymptomsPicture with folliculitis in the hot tub Folliculitis in the hot tub Open pop-up dialog Picture of beard pseudofolliculitis Beard pseudofolliculitis Open pop-up dialog Picture with carbuncle Carbuncle open pop-up dialog Signs and symptoms of folliculitis include: or whiteheads, that develop around the hair follicles that open and bubbles form around the hair Burning, skin painful and sensitive skin
A large, puffy lump or massWhen should you see a doctor? Make an appointment with your doctor if your condition is generalized or the signs and symptoms don't go away after a few days. You may need an antibiotic or an antifungal drug to control the condition. The types of folliculitis are superficial and deep. The superficial type includes part of the follicle and the deep type includes the entire follicle and is generally heavier.
Forms of superficial folliculitis include: Bacterial folliculitis. Pus-filled bumps occur when the hair follicles become infected with bacteria, usually Staphylococcus aureus (staphylococci).Staphylococci live on the skin all the time, but usually only cause problems if they get into your body through a cut or other wound. Whirlpool folliculitis (Pseudomonas folliculitis).
Bumps a day or two after coming in contact with the bacteria that cause them. Hot tub folliculitis is caused by the bacterium Pseudomonas, which is found in many places, including hot tubs and heated swimming pools, where chlorine levels and pH are not well regulated. (Pseudofolliculitis of the beard). This is a skin irritation caused by ingrown hairs. Men with curly hair, who shave too tightly and who are most noticeable on the face and neck, are particularly affected. This condition can leave raised dark scars (keloids).
Pityrosporum folliculitis (pitihROSpuhrum). This type produces chronic, red, itchy pustules on the back and chest and sometimes on the neck, shoulders, upper arms, and face. This type is caused by a fungal infection. Types of deep folliculitis include: Sycosis barbae This type affects men who have started shaving. Gram-negative folliculitis. This type sometimes develops when you are given long-term antibiotic therapy for acne.
Boils (boils) and carbuncle. These occur when the hair follicles become deeply infected with staphylococci.A boil usually appears suddenly as a painful pink or red bump. A carbuncle is a group of boils. Eosinophilic folliculitis (eosinoFILLik). This type mainly affects people with HIV / AIDS. Signs and symptoms include severe itching and recurring patches of bumps and pimples that form near the hair follicles on the face and upper body.
After healing, the affected skin may be darker than before (hyperpigmented). The cause of eosinophilic folliculitis is unknown. Make an appointment at the Mayo Clinic causes the hair follicles to become infected with the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus (staphylococci).Folliculitis can also be caused by viruses, fungi, and even inflammation of ingrown hairs.
Follicles are densest on the scalp and occur anywhere on the body with the exception of the palms of the hands, the soles of the feet, the lips, and the mucous membranes. Risk factors Anyone can develop folliculitis. Factors that make you more prone to the disease, including:
Having a medical condition that makes you less resistant to infection, such as diabetes, chronic leukemia, and HIV / AIDS Acne or dermatitis Taking some medications such as steroid creams or antibiotic therapy Term for acne A man with curly hair to be who shaves regularly and wears heat retentive clothing
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