In women, hirsutism is characterized by an abnormal growth of thick, dark hair in areas of the body where it normally does not exist, such as the face and the back. It affects one out of every ten females.
In most cases, hirsutism is not a sickness in and of itself but rather a symptom of a more fundamental problem. The fundamental issue in the majority of cases is polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), which is usually associated to irregular menstrual cycles, acne, obesity, infertility, and an increased risk of diabetes and osteoporosis. If you are concerned about the amount of body hair you have or where it is located, you should talk to your doctor.
It is generally believed that an abnormally high level of androgens is the primary factor that leads to the development of hirsutism in females. It's possible that menstruation may end, and that other traditionally masculine traits, such a deeper voice and increased muscle mass, will emerge as a result (amenorrhoea). Some women have normal levels of androgen, but their hair follicles are highly sensitive to the effects of male sex hormones.
Identifying the Signs and Symptoms of Hirsutism in Women
Symptoms and signs of hirsutism can include, but are not limited to the following, depending on the primary cause:
1. a sudden shift in the hair's color, thickness, or distribution
2. An abundance of hair on areas of the body that are conventionally considered to be "male," such as the face, back, abdomen, inner thighs, and buttocks.
Other possible indicators include:
3. Androgenic alopecia, also known as balding on the scalp
4. Additional skin conditions such as seborrhea or acne
5. the development of warts within the folds of the skin (acanthosis nigricans)
6. Increases in sex-driven masculine characteristics that cannot be explained, such as a deeper voice or increased muscle mass
7. menstrual cycles that are either irregular or nonexistent
8. an elevated level of insulin
9. problems related to achieving or maintaining fertility
The following options are available for treatment:
1. Medicines that are capable of mitigating the results of exposure to androgens
2. A medication that prevents your body from producing androgens
3. Oral contraceptives like the pill, which are used to prevent pregnancy, can also help stop the ovaries from producing androgens.
4. Insulin medications should be taken if hyperinsulinemia is present.
5. Having a tumor on the ovary or the adrenal glands removed through surgical means
6. After six months of use, the oral contraceptive pill can significantly reduce the amount of hair that grows in women who require contraception and assistance with menstrual cycle control.
Self-care for those with hirsutism
You may help take care of yourself in a number of different ways, including the following:
1. Speak with your primary care physician if you have any concerns regarding the potential for adverse reactions to the medication you are taking. Anti-androgen medicines, for instance, have been linked to a variety of unfavorable side effects, including increased appetite, sadness, and fatigue. The medication that you are currently taking, as well as the dosage that you are supposed to take, may be altered by your doctor.
2. Unwanted hair must be removed using your preferred cosmetic technique, such as waxing, depilatory creams, laser surgery, or electrolysis, as medical treatments do not cause unwanted hair to fall out on its own.
3. If you want to put an end to the growth of new hair, you should consider using a cream that requires a prescription. Keep in mind that you need to apply the cream on a regular basis, and that you might not see any effects for up to two months after beginning treatment. It is estimated that the cream is unsuccessful for approximately two out of every three women.
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