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Where Do KhoiSan People Come From? Are They Related To Xhosa And Tswana People? - Opinion

The San are the world's oldest people, having lived in Southern Africa for at least 20 000 years. The name San is generally used to designate a varied collection of hunter-gatherers who have historical and linguistic ties to Southern Africa. The San were also known as Bushmen, although this term has since been dropped due to its negative connotation. There are several separate San groups; they do not have a collective name and are referred to as' Bushman, ''San,' and' Basarwa' (in Botswana). The word 'bushman' was derived from the Dutch word 'bossiesman,' which signified' bandit 'or' outlaw. '

 During their protracted war against the colonists, the San were given this name. The San viewed this as a proud and revered reference to their valiant struggle against invasion and dominance. Many people now refer to themselves as Bushmen or San. The San, like the first people to settle in other parts of the world, have a long history of poverty, social rejection, cultural degradation, and discrimination against their rights as a group. With their survival and hunting skills, depth of indigenous knowledge of the flora and wildlife of Southern Africa, and rich cultural traditions, the San have drawn the attention of anthropologists and the media.

 San people speak a variety of dialects of a group of languages known for their distinct 'clicks' in pronunciation, which are represented in writing by symbols such as! or/.San communities are made up of tiny movable groups of up to 25 men, women, and children. At particular periods of the year, groups of people get together to exchange news and gifts, make marriage plans, and celebrate social events.

 The San are descendants of Early Stone Age predecessors and are not related to the BaNtu tribes. Seasonal game migrations between mountain ranges and coastlines were followed by clans and loosely related family groups. They lived in caves, under rocky overhangs, and in makeshift shelters. Despite their extensive knowledge of both flora and fauna, these wandering people do not domesticate animals or develop crops. The San classified thousands of plants and their functions, which ranged from nutritious to therapeutic, magical to recreational, and fatal.As trackers and hunters, San men have a strong reputation.

 When white immigrants came in the mid-seventeenth century, the region was populated by three distinct groups: hunter-gatherers (San), pastoralists (Khoikhoi), and farmers (BaNtu). Initially, the San coexisted happily with Nguni (a BaNtu sub-language group) speakers (the Zulu, Xhosa, Swazi, and Ndebele), who intermarried with the San and adopted some of the San language's distinctive and characteristic 'clicks' into their own languages.

 San rock art depicts interactions with Nguni and Sotho-Tswana farmers. In their paintings, the artists began to include depictions of animals and sheep, as well as individuals wielding shields and spears. Due to the fact that hunter-gatherers are unable to live continuously beside a settled group, issues developed. When the San attacked the BaNtu, they were outmanned not only in terms of numbers but also in terms of weapons.

 

Content created and supplied by: All-About-Africa (via Opera News )

Botswana Bushmen KhoiSan San Southern Africa

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