Humans and animals can participate in social play (with two or more individuals) or in solitary play, such as the imaginary play often exhibited by children. .“Play might not be universal,” he said. “Play has been documented in a lot of species, but it happens at different levels. Many types of animals play dead. But they do it in different ways and for different reasons. playing dead is a way to trick predators that watch for movement in potential prey. And as the nickname “playing possum” suggests, it's not unique to frogs.
Play helps dogs cooperate as a group, and is about building social relationships – in which humans also feature. Dogs prefer to play with people they know, and they are more likely to approach the winner of a game, but when they win a game against a person it does not lead to increased 'dominance'. Many animals have fun, whether it's otters romping in the river, cats chasing lasers, or canines "play fighting." Sometimes, though, it's hard to tell what's enjoyment or what's something else, like defending territory or finding food. ... It also must be seen when the animal is healthy and not under stress.
Play is important for social, physical, and cognitive development, but it also prepares animals for the unexpected, he said. Play behavior can vary so much; animals need to be able to tell when something is play rather than real aggression or a mating display.
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