Opera News

Opera News App

Book time Witchcra Book time Witchcraft Madison By credo mutwa Page 2

By Sgogolonews2 | self meida writer
Published 7 days ago - 0 views

Page 2

Previous page on sgogolonews2. Follow us and receive more.

After the glaciers receded, the Ice Age tundra where great herds of buffalo,

reindeer, woolly rhinoceros, and mammoths had grazed was gradually sown with

the seeds of trees. Many of the herds died out; some migrated to Siberia. The last

of the nomadic hunters of large animals followed them. It was, in Eurasia, the

end of the Paleolithic period.

The forest drew under its spell the small hunting tribes that remained

behind. They hunted the shy wild animals that hid in small herds deep in the

forest—deer, stags, and wild boars—and the somber lone wanderers, such as the

bear, the badger, and the moose in the bogs. To hunt like this was laborious; it

took more time than it had before and bagged less. In equal proportions to the

rate at which the hunting bounty diminished, plant-gathering increased in value.

Within the natural division of work of the primitive people, collecting roots,

fruit, bark, and birds’ eggs fell mostly to the female gender; thus the work of

women gained in importance. While the meat was distributed among the

community according to strict regulations, the women gathered the daily plant

rations for their families. It is still like this today among huntergatherers: The

men work at politics, securing friendships and nurturing alliances for when the

time comes for the meat to be divided; the women tend to the daily aspects of


The tribes would settle for a while in places where gathering was feasible.

Harbors were prized as camps, for there one could find the starchy tonic roots of

the cattail, the marsh woundwort, the club rush, the arrowhead, or the water

chestnut. One could also use the duckweed (Lemna) for soup or eat the juicy

shoots of the reed, and the nutritious seeds of the winnowed or flooded sweet

grass (Glyceria) were greatly valued. In addition, harbors provided various

crustaceans, mollusks, and small amphibians.

Besides making arrows for hunting birds and small animals, constructing

fish traps, knotting nets, and making harpoons and hooks, the men probably

spent the rest of their time—similar to the huntergatherers of today—loafing

about and communicating with the many spirits that animated the forest, the

cliffs, and the water. This era is known as the Mesolithic period.

The Mesolithic people moved with the seasons in broad circles to different

hunting-and-gathering regions. They always returned to the same camps. Many

of their favorite plants grew there. Spilled seeds and the disposed rinds of tubers

found a suitable environment when the competitive vegetation was trampled

down and the ground was fertilized with ashes, excrement, urine, and trash. The

step to domestication was, therefore, but a small one. During this period some

hunters in the Near East intentionally began to turn the soil, make small mounds,

and sow grass seeds they had gathered previously. Young animals were tethered

or fenced in, and eventually tamed. In this way the huntergatherer groups became settled. They built themselves permanent houses with stalls for the

captured animals.

Huntergatherers have few possessions, and most of these are incorporeal:

They are visions, fairy tales, songs, magical incantations, and medicinal

knowledge. These people live from hand to mouth, in the here and now. Who

wants always to be lugging heavy burdens around with them? But for sedentary

tribes it makes good sense to have large jugs and containers made of clay. Grains

and other food can be stored in them, and beer can be brewed. In ancient times

beer—made with consciousness-expanding herbs—was a sacred drink with

which the forces of the fate, the sun, the earth, and the vegetation gods were

celebrated (Rätsch, 1996: 50). This cultural transformation in which the first

permanent settlements developed is called the Neolithic revolution by primeval


Neolithic village settlements spread out from Asia Minor and up the

Danube River and its tributaries. Toward the end of the fifth century the

pioneers, people of what is known as the Linear Pottery culture, settled the river

valleys of central Europe. There they farmed wheat and barley, fava beans, and

flax, and for their matrilineal families they built square communal houses twenty

to thirty meters long in the middle of areas that had been burned. After a decade

or two, when the soil had been depleted of nutrients and the fields and meadows

had lost their fertility, the first farmers moved on. Once again they cleared the

next piece of the immense primordial forest, logged the huge trees using fire and

hewn-stone axes, seeded the disturbed land, and provided the cattle, goats, and

sheep with a new grazing area.

Content created and supplied by: Sgogolonews2 (via Opera News )


Ice Age Madison Witchcra
Opera News is a free to use platform and the views and opinions expressed herein are solely those of the author and do not represent, reflect or express the views of Opera News. Any/all written content and images displayed are provided by the blogger/author, appear herein as submitted by the blogger/author and are unedited by Opera News. Opera News does not consent to nor does it condone the posting of any content that violates the rights (including the copyrights) of any third party, nor content that may malign, inter alia, any religion, ethnic group, organization, gender, company, or individual. Opera News furthermore does not condone the use of our platform for the purposes encouraging/endorsing hate speech, violation of human rights and/or utterances of a defamatory nature. If the content contained herein violates any of your rights, including those of copyright, and/or violates any the above mentioned factors, you are requested to immediately notify us using via the following email address operanews-external(at)opera.com and/or report the article using the available reporting functionality built into our Platform


NEWS IN : Farm attack in Paarl Western Cape leaving an Elderly Woman Critical.

1 hours ago

30 🔥

NEWS IN : Farm attack in Paarl Western Cape leaving an Elderly Woman Critical.

Dineo Ranaka posted bae (see pictures)

1 hours ago

0 🔥

Dineo Ranaka posted bae (see pictures)

Well! Here are 10 things you did not know about ALFIOS from SKEEM SAAM

1 hours ago

22 🔥

Well! Here are 10 things you did not know about ALFIOS from SKEEM SAAM

Meet Khuli Chana's baby mama (see pictures)

1 hours ago

22 🔥

Meet Khuli Chana's baby mama (see pictures)

Pray for Babes Wodumo she is allegedly not okay

2 hours ago

64 🔥

Pray for Babes Wodumo she is allegedly not okay

Social worker gets hijacked at gunpoint

2 hours ago

8 🔥

Social worker gets hijacked at gunpoint

‘Ramaphosa is not welcome at Nkandla’

2 hours ago

60 🔥

‘Ramaphosa is not welcome at Nkandla’

Polar bears are good swimmers as well as runners

2 hours ago

0 🔥

Polar bears are good swimmers as well as runners

Tarantulas are able to regrow a limb

2 hours ago

2 🔥

Tarantulas are able to regrow a limb

Ten superb movies which prove how important it is to never give up!!

2 hours ago

6 🔥

Ten superb movies which prove how important it is to never give up!!