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Should ANC Appoint Younger Cabinets To Lead South African Economy


Efforts to increase the share of black South Africans in South Africa's economic elite have been part of the political agenda of the country since the end of apartheid. In an imperfect South, strong formal institutions seem to provide a strong basis for addressing some of the most formidable political, economic, and social challenges.    Show Source Texts


Young people in Sub-Saharan Africa are particularly important in bringing about structural change. According to a report by the African Leadership Institute, despite an abundance of young African leaders around the table, only 700,000 young Africans are exposed to some form of selective leadership, and the challenge is to tap into the pool of young leaders. Part of the solution is to strengthen democracy and governance in the region.    Show Source Texts


Good governance remains one of the greatest challenges to Africa's development. Effective, accountable leadership at all levels of society is key to unlocking the potential of African youth and to building economic, political and social strategies for their bright future. To truly gauge the impact of youth on the economy and governance in Africa, formal mechanisms for monitoring and evaluating youth engagement at the societal level must be developed.    Show Source Texts


Melanie Verwoerd, a Cape Town political columnist who joined the ANC parliament at the age of 27 in 1994 and was the youngest woman in South Africa's first democratic parliament, says she believes that it is important to have young public officials because young people have tremendous personal energy and age makes them a better politician. Last year Ronald Lamola, 35, a lawyer by training, was appointed Minister of Justice. A 2018 report by the Gates Foundation, which focuses on youth population growth, says that investing in a booming young population would be good for Africa's economy, because young people are healthier, more educated, and more productive, and are the kind of innovative and hard-working people who can stimulate rapid growth.    Show Source Texts


Ronald Lamola, 35, a lawyer by training, has become known as a member of the African National Congress (ANC) Youth League over the decades, and he is a close ally of Julius Malema, one of the leading young African politicians in recent times. In 1948 the pro-African National Party (NP) came to power with the ideology of Apartheid - a more rigorous and authoritarian approach than previous segregation policies. In 1943, a young and determined political group came to the forefront and created the ANC Youth League whose development under the leadership of figures such as Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela, Oliver Tambo and Walter Sisulu was promoted.    Show Source Texts


Codesa 2 of May 1992 insisted that post-apartheid South Africa should employ a federal system of rotating presidencies to ensure the protection of ethnic minorities but Mandela opposed it and called for a unified system governed by majority governments. After seeing other postcolonial African economies devastated by the departure of white elites, Mandela worked to assure Africa's white population that they would be protected and represented in the rainbow nation. Shortly after the coup attempt, deeply unpopular President Cyril Ramaphosa was forced to release Zuma and allow his friends to regain control of the ANC in an effort to make the government ungovernable.    Show Source Texts


The main opposition Democratic Alliance has criticized South Africa's adherence to Vice President David Mabuza, who faces corruption charges but denies any wrongdoing, calling it the "first real test" of the party's toughstance on corruption.    Show Source Texts


Ramaphosa reduced the cabinet from 36 to 28 ministers as he sought to reduce the bloat under predecessor Jacob Zuma, who resigned last year under pressure from corruption allegations. Ramaphosa appointed the youngest leader of his cabinet, former ANC Youth League vice-president Ronald Lamola, as justice minister. South Africa's new government has appointed Ronald Lamola, former vice president of the ANC Youth League, to its new cabinet as justice and justice minister.    Show Source Texts


South African President Cyril Ramaphosa appointed development bank of Southern Africa (DBSA.L) chairman Enoch Godongwana as finance minister in a cabinet reshuffle on Thursday. He replaced Tito Mboweni who had asked for an apology for his position. The ANC leader has reduced cabinet ministers from 36 to 28 to combat the bloated government and improve efficiency, and appointed more women to the cabinet to achieve gender diversity. He also named an investor favorite for a key role in economic management in a cabinet reshuffle announced late Monday.    Show Source Texts


Godongwana will serve as Deputy Minister for Public Enterprise and Deputy Minister for Economic Development, chairman of the ruling Sub-Committee on Economic Transformation of the African National Congress (ANC) and an influential figure in the party's economic policy. For the first time in South Africa's history, women will form half of the cabinet after newly elected President Cyril Ramaphosa makes changes. Only a woman has been appointed to ministerial post with veteran opposition politician Patricia de Lille appointed head of the public works and infrastructure department in the 2019 presidential election who ran as the main party.    Show Source Texts


Rural areas remain characterised by high levels of poverty and inequality despite progress in the reduction of rural poverty and in improving access to basic services in rural areas over the last 20 years. A 20-year report published in 2013 and the National Planning Commission's 2011 Diagnostic Report highlighted that poverty, inequality, and unemployment continue to affect many people's lives. The ruling African National Congress whose election victory earlier this month was the weakest in its 25 years in power, is publicly frustrated with the leadership of predecessor Jacob Zuma who resigned last year under pressure from allegations of corruption against allies, complicating Ramaphosa's efforts to reform to restore investor confidence in the economy and development of sub-Saharan Africa.    Show Source Texts


The election of Cyril Ramaphosa as ANC president in December 2017 and ANC president in South Africa in February 2018 following Zuma's resignation signaled that large sections of the society, including the ANC, remain committed to building a prosperous and inclusive constitutional democracy. This last part is about whether South Africa will be able to stop the downward spiral since Ramaphosa won the race to succeed President Jacob Zuma at the helm of the ANC and what it needs to start a new positive cycle of hope, inclusion and opportunity.    Show Source Texts


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Cited Sources


https://www.cnbc.com/2018/02/27/ramaphosa-cabinet-reshuffle-sees-investor-favorites-return-to-run-south-africa-economy.html 0


https://www.reuters.com/world/africa/safricas-ramaphosa-appoints-enoch-godongwana-finance-minister-2021-08-05/ 1


https://www.trtworld.com/africa/south-africa-slashes-cabinet-size-appoints-50-women-27107 2


https://www.brookings.edu/blog/africa-in-focus/2019/03/27/africa-youth-leadership-building-local-leaders-to-solve-global-challenges/ 3


https://www.gov.za/about-sa/history 4


https://carnegieendowment.org/2021/03/18/south-africa-when-strong-institutions-and-massive-inequalities-collide-pub-84063 5


https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2019/06/south-africa-s-cabinet-is-now-50-women-for-the-first-time-ever/ 6


https://bhekisisa.org/features/2020-04-20-africa-youngest-cabinet-member-emma-theofelus-coronavirus-namibia/ 7


https://apnews.com/90cf9618f62f4610b002df2f21a41f9b 8


https://www.economist.com/middle-east-and-africa/2021/07/24/where-does-south-africa-go-from-here 9


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nelson_Mandela 10

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ANC African Leadership Institute South South Africans Sub-Saharan Africa

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