Napoleon Bonaparte was a French military and political leader who became a talk of the house during French Revolution. Napoleon led many successful campaigns during the Revolutionary Wars. He ruled France from 1804 and 1814 and again in 1815. He dominated Europe and global affairs for more than ten years during his rein in France against series of coalitions in the Napoleonic Wars. He defeated most of his opponents and won the majority of his battles. After his victories, he built a large Empire that ruled over continental Europe before its final collapse in1815.
Napoleon is regarded as one of the greatest army commander in history. His wars and campaigns are being studied at military schools worldwide. He is the most celebrated and controversial politician in the history of the world. He is one of the people who shaped the modern world, by bringing liberal reforms in different places which he conquered and controlled. These Countries are as follows Germany, Italy and Switzerland. He implemented policies that brought change in France and Western Europe. One of his lasting legal achievements, the Napoleonic Code, is highly influential even in nowadays.
Ideas like equal before the law, property rights, religious toleration, modern education, sound finances are the things that were implemented by him in order to influence the modern world. Napoleon added a rational and efficient local administration and end to rural areas. He encouraged the study of science and arts, and abolished feudalism after defeating Roman Empire. In 1813, Prussia and Austria collaborated with Russia forces in a Sixth Coalition against France.
This was a chaotic military campaign ever which had a large allied army which defeated Napoleon at the Battle of Leipzig in October 1813. The Allies invaded France and captured Paris forcing him to resign in 1814. They exiled him at the island of Elba near Rome. The allies gave the emperor position to people they favored. But Napoleon managed to escape from Elba in February 1815 and took control of France again. The allies formed a seventh coalition, which defeated Napoleon at the Battle of Wateroo in June. Britain took him to island of Saint Helena in the South Atlantic. He died at the age of 51 on the same island in 1821. His death was received with shock and grief throughout Europe.
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