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These are the UK's most important heritage sites.

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Slide 1 of 32: From ancient fortresses to cutting-edge engineering feats, the UK (and some of its <a class=Overseas Territories) is filled with some truly incredible UNESCO World Heritage Sites hailed for their cultural, religious and environmental significance. Spanning everything from prehistoric monuments and Victorian architectural masterpieces to jaw-dropping stately homes and remote islands, here we take a look at the UK’s breathtaking World Heritage Sites."/>

The United Kingdom (and some Overseas Territories) is filled with some truly incredible UNESCO World Heritage Sites, praised for their cultural, religious and environmental significance, from ancient castles to cutting-edge engineering achievements. Covering everything from prehistoric monuments and Victorian architectural masterpieces to jaw-dropping stately homes and remote islands, here we take a look at the UK's stunning World Heritage Sites.


Palace of Westminster, Westminster Abbey and St Margaret's Church, London, England

Slide 2 of 32: These three gems have been shining symbols of power, monarchy and religion in London since the 11th century. Probably Britain's most recognisable landmark, the Palace of Westminster is the country’s political hub, famed for being the site of the failed Gunpowder Plot and many historic protests. Just behind on Parliament Square is the gorgeously Gothic Westminster Abbey, a royal church for thousands of years. Its abbey has hosted royal coronations, burials and weddings. Alongside the abbey is St Margaret’s Church, a charming parish church dating back to the 12th century. 

These three jewels have been shining symbols of power, monarchy and religion in London since the 11th century. Possibly Britain's best-known landmark, the Palace of Westminster is the country's political center, famous for being the site of the failed Gunpowder Conspiracy and many historical protests. Just behind Parliament Square is the magnificent Gothic Westminster Abbey, which has been a royal church for thousands of years. Its abbey hosted royal coronations, funerals, and weddings. Next to the abbey is St Margaret's Church, a charming 12th-century parish church.


Blaenavon Industrial Landscape, Blaenavon, Wales

Slide 3 of 32: Set within South Wales, the area around Blaenavon is one of the best-preserved examples of a landscape carved out by the Industrial Revolution. Rich in the raw materials used to make pig iron including ironstone, coal and limestone, during the late 18th and early 19th century, Blaenavon was one of the world’s leading oil and coal mining sites. Today, the structures from the once booming industry are dotted across the landscape including mines, boiler rooms and engine houses. The biggest attraction is Big Pit, Blaenavon’s last working coal mine up until 1980 now home to a mining museum. It was awarded World Heritage status in 2001.

Located in South Wales, the surrounding area of ​​Blaenavon is one of the best preserved examples of a landscape carved by the Industrial Revolution. Blaenavon was one of the world's leading oil and coal mining areas in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, rich in raw materials used to make pig iron, including ironstone, coal, and limestone. Today, structures of the once thriving industry are dotted throughout the landscape, including mines, boiler rooms and engine rooms. The biggest attraction is the Big Pit, which was Blaenavon's last working coal mine until 1980 and now houses a mining museum. It was awarded World Heritage status in 2001.


Derwent Valley Mills, Derbyshire, England


Slide 4 of 32: Often considered the birthplace of the factory system, this impressive group of mill complexes can be found in Derbyshire along the River Derwent. Although the first mill building, the Silk Mill was built in 1721 by John and Thomas Lombe, it wasn’t until industry pioneer Richard Arkwright built the world’s first water-powered spinning mill in the late 18th century that business boomed. Arkwright’s mills became a blueprint for factory production across the UK and around the world. Today, the incredible structures are some of the best preserved examples of the Victorian cotton mill industry in Britain and have been a World Heritage Site since 2001.Often considered the birthplace of the factory system, this impressive group of mill complexes can be found in Derbyshire along the River Derwent. Although the first factory building, the Silk Mill, was built by John and Thomas Lombe in 1721, the business boom didn't happen until industry pioneer Richard Arkwright built the world's first water-powered spinning mill in the late 18th century. Arkwright's mills have become the blueprint for factory production in the UK and worldwide. Today, the incredible structures are some of the best preserved examples of the Victorian cotton mill industry in Britain and have been a World Heritage Site since 2001.


Bath, Somerset, England

Slide 5 of 32: A World Heritage Site since 1987, Bath has been a place for pleasure and relaxation for centuries. Characterised by its warm mineral-rich waters, the city rose to fame after the Romans founded the town Aquae Sulis near the banks of the River Avon in the 1st century AD. The Romans built bathhouses and a temple dedicated to the goddess Sulis Minerva which transformed Bath into a popular spa town. With its honey-coloured buildings, well-preserved Roman ruins and famous Thermae Bath Spa, the historic city is one of the most picturesque places in England.  Check out more of Britain’s most historic towns and cities

A World Heritage Site since 1987, Bath has been a place of pleasure and relaxation for centuries. Characterized by its warm, mineral-rich waters, the city gained fame after the Romans founded the town of Aquae Sulis near the banks of the Avon River in the 1st century AD. The Romans built baths and a temple dedicated to the goddess Sulis Minerva, which turned Bath into a popular spa town. With its honey-coloured buildings, well-preserved Roman ruins and the famous Thermae Bath Spa, the historic town is one of the most beautiful places in England.


Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape, England


Slide 6 of 32: One of the largest mining areas in the UK, this mighty landscape stretches over 20,000 hectares across Cornwall and West Devon. During the early 19th century, Cornwall produced two-thirds of the world’s copper supply, playing a crucial role in the UK’s copper and tin mining industry during the Industrial Revolution. With its deep underground mines, engine houses, foundries, ports and harbours, it is the biggest industrial World Heritage Site in the UK.

One of the largest mining areas in the UK, this enormous estate spans over 20,000 hectares in Cornwall and West Devon. In the early 19th century, Cornwall played a pivotal role in Britain's copper and tin mining industry during the Industrial Revolution, producing two-thirds of the world's copper supply. It is the largest industrial World Heritage Site in England, with deep underground mines, engine rooms, foundries, ports and harbours.


Old Town and New Town, Edinburgh, Scotland


Located in the heart of Scotland's capital city, Edinburgh's Old and New Town has been on the UNESCO list since 1995. A labyrinth of cobblestone streets, hidden courtyards and narrow passages, the Old Town is the oldest part of the city. At its center, characterized by medieval architecture and buildings, is the Royal Mile, a stunning avenue of Reformed rental buildings from Edinburgh Castle to the Palace of Holyroodhouse. Inspired by the Scottish Enlightenment, New Town's regular grill feels like a world away from the Old Town. Built in the 18th and 19th century, its streets feature beautiful Neoclassical and Georgian architecture. Two contrasting areas add a unique charm to the city.


Canterbury Cathedral, St Augustine's Abbey and St Martin's Church, Canterbury, Kent, England

Slide 8 of 32: An important religious site in Kent for centuries, Canterbury Cathedral, St Augustine's Abbey and Church of St Martin have been UNESCO-listed since 1988. Built in AD 597, the beautiful Canterbury Cathedral (pictured) is one of the oldest Christian churches in England and Canterbury’s most recognisable landmark. Created as a burial place for the Anglo Saxon kings of Kent during the Middle Ages, St Augustine's Abbey was once one of the most significant religious houses in Northern Europe. Just outside the city walls, dating back over 1,400 years, St Martin’s Church is known as the oldest church in the English-speaking world. Love this? Follow our Facebook page for more travel inspiration 

An important religious site in Kent for centuries, Canterbury Cathedral, St Augustine's Abbey and St Martin's Church have been on the UNESCO list since 1988. The beautiful Canterbury Cathedral (pictured), built in AD 597, is one of the oldest Christian churches in England and is Canterbury's best-known landmark. Founded in the Middle Ages as a burial place for Kent's Anglo Saxon kings, St Augustine's Abbey was once one of the most important religious houses in Northern Europe. Just outside the city walls, St Martin's Church, with over 1,400 years of history, is known as the oldest church in the English-speaking world.


Durham Castle and Cathedral, County Durham, England

Slide 9 of 32: Framing its historic namesake city, Durham Castle and Cathedral are among the greatest monuments of the Norman Conquest of Britain. The crown jewels of Durham’s World Heritage Site, the city’s breathtaking castle has been occupied continuously for thousands of years. Built in the 11th century under the orders of William the Conqueror, the castle is now one of the city’s most notable landmarks. Durham Cathedral was constructed between 1093 and 1133 to house the shrine of St Cuthbert and is considered one of the finest Romanesque churches in the world. Discover more Brilliant British landmarks here

Surrounding the historic town of the same name, Durham Castle and the Cathedral are among the greatest monuments to the Norman Conquest of Britain. The crown jewels of Durham's World Heritage Site, the city's breathtaking castle has been continuously occupied for thousands of years. Built in the 11th century by order of William the Conqueror, the castle is now one of the city's most important landmarks. Durham Cathedral was built between 1093 and 1133 to house the temple of St Cuthbert and is considered one of the finest Romanesque churches in the world.


Borders of the Roman Empire, England and Scotland

Slide 10 of 32: Once stretching over 3,107 miles (5,000km) from the Atlantic Coast to the Black Sea, the Frontiers represent the border of the Roman Empire at its height and consists of Hadrian’s Wall, the Limes in Germany and the Antonine Wall in Scotland. Possibly the most famous fortification, Hadrian’s Wall was built in AD 122 on the orders of Emperor Hadrian and stretches for 73 miles (117.5km) from the North Sea to the Irish Sea. Constructed in AD 142 by Emperor Antoninus Pius, the Antonine Wall trailed around 37 miles (60km) across the central belt of Scotland. With its well-preserved forts, milecastles and barracks, the Frontiers are some of the most incredible Roman ruins in the UK.

The Frontiers, which once stretched for 3,107 miles (5,000 km) from the Atlantic Coast to the Black Sea, represent the border of the Roman Empire at its highest point and consists of Hadrian's Wall, the Lime in Germany, and the Antonine Wall in Scotland. Probably the most famous fortification, Hadrian's Wall was built in 122 AD at the behest of Emperor Hadrian and stretches 73 miles (117.5 km) from the North Sea to the Irish Sea. Built by Emperor Antoninus Pius in AD 142, the Antonine Wall traveled some 37 miles (60 km) along Scotland's central belt. With its well-preserved forts, forts and barracks, Frontiers are some of the most incredible Roman ruins in the UK.


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