Not so long ago we were living happy normal lives, totally unaware of any diseases caused by the Pteropodidae family a.k.a the fruit bat.
We all know by now what the Corona virus or COVID-19 disease is. According to Who's (World Health Organization) fact sheets, here are four similar virus to covid-19:
1. Marburg virus disease (MVD)
It is also known as Malburg hemorrhagic fever which is a severe or often fatal illness that was detected in 1967 in Malburg and Frankfurt, Germany and Belgrade, Serbia. The fatality ratio can be up to 88%. Other outbreaks where recorded in Anglo, Congo, Kenya, Uganda and South Africa (the person travelled to Zimbabwe and Uganda).
Transmission from bats to humans in Uganda were caused by people visiting a cave inhabit by Rousettus bat colonies.
(Photo: Rousettus leschenaultii, bio.bris.ac.uk)
(Photo: Deadly Marburg virus detected in bats, xios.com)
The incubation period can vary from 2 - 21 days and symptoms are high fever, severe headaches, severe malaise, muscle aches, watery diarrhea, abdominal pain and cramps, nausea, vomiting, and bleeding. MVD can spread through broken skin, sexual transmission or mucous membranes.
2. Ebola virus disease (EVD)
It is a rare but severe illness that is often fatal in humans, and the fatality rate can vary up to 90% and was first reported in 1976. Most outbreaks were located in the Democratic Republic of the Congo ( DRC) in a village near the Ebola River, South Sudan, Liberia and from Guinea to Sierra Leone.
( Photo: Western African Ebola virus epidemic, en.wikipedia.org)
There is evidence that Fruit bats can be the natural hosts. The incubation period vary from 2 - 21 days, and the disease cannot spread until a person develop symptoms. Most common symptoms are fever, fatigue, muscle pain, headaches, sore throat, vomiting, diarrhoea, rash, kidney and liver functions deteriorates and bleeding.
Transmission of the virus takes place via close contact with blood, secretions organs of infected animals that was found ill or dead on the forest floor. The virus can also spread through close contact, broken skin, mucous membranes with blood, body fluids or contamination.
3. Nipah Virus (NiV)
It is also known as the Nipah virus infection and was first recognized in 1999 in Malaysia. In 2001 cases were recorded in Eastern India infected by the Pteropus bat. Other countries also affected were Cambodia, Ghana, Indonesia, Madagascar, Philippines and Thailand.
(Photo: Alejandro Moreno de Carlos)
Transmission to humans from animals such as bats, pigs or contaminated foods. Fruit bats are the natural hosts. The virus spreads from human to human via close contact with people's secretions and excretions.
The incubation period is 4 - 14 days, and common symptoms are fever, headaches, muscle pain, vomiting and sore throat.
4. Hendra Virus (HeV)
It is a rare infection that is severe or even fatal to infected humans and horses. The first case was recorded in 1994 in Australia and the natural hosts are fruit bats.
According to Medical express, the transmission is spread from bats to horses. Contact with contaminated horses spread to humans.
The incubation period is from 5-21 days and symptoms were identified as a mild influenza-like illness to fatal respiratory or neurological disease.
So there you have it. Be safe, wear your mask and keep social distance!
Content created and supplied by: TeacherM (via Opera News )
Opera News is a free to use platform and the views and opinions expressed herein are solely those of the author and do not represent, reflect or express the views of Opera News. Any/all written content and images displayed are provided by the blogger/author, appear herein as submitted by the blogger/author and are unedited by Opera News. Opera News does not consent to nor does it condone the posting of any content that violates the rights (including the copyrights) of any third party, nor content that may malign, inter alia, any religion, ethnic group, organization, gender, company, or individual. Opera News furthermore does not condone the use of our platform for the purposes encouraging/endorsing hate speech, violation of human rights and/or utterances of a defamatory nature. If the content contained herein violates any of your rights, including those of copyright, and/or violates any the above mentioned factors, you are requested to immediately notify us using via the following email address operanews-external(at)opera.com and/or report the article using the available reporting functionality built into our Platform See More